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Though the Bible reveals a great deal about Satan, it doesn't reveal all the facts about his origin and fall. The Bible does declare that all things were created by God, through Christ, John 1:3. It can then be seen that Satan is a created being and has a personality. The terms invisible, thrones, dominions, principalities or powers describe angelic beings and shows they were created by Christ.

Ezekiel 28:15 and Ezekiel 28:13 state that Satan is a created being, and was perfect when he was created, but we also see his fall, because iniquity was found in him.

Before his fall, Satan was called "the anointed Cherub that covereth", Ezekiel 28:14. This means that Satan was the guardian, or protector, of the throne of God and was perfect in his ways. However, Satan was created as the other angels, without omnipresence, omnipotence, nor omniscience, Ezekiel 28:15. In Satan was the fullness of wisdom, the perfection of beauty. He dwelt in Eden, the Garden of God. [Ezekiel 28:11-19] Isaiah 14:12-20 tells of us of the fall of Satan. It was Satan who, due to his selfishness, said "I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God, I will be like the Most High." Pride was the first sin recorded in the Bible, and Satan then entered the Garden of Eden to cause the fall of mankind.


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As you read the names listed here, note the various names that indicate the character of Satan. If Satan has a character, Satan is a real being, a real person, and not just a force or someones imagination.

Satan - The name means "adversary of God and man, accuser, and opposer." Satan is the opposer of God, believers, and that which is good. Satan is also a deceiver in that he can appear as an angel of light, to aid him in his work as the adversary of God and men, 1 Peter 5:8. Satan is also the accuser of mankind as seen in Rev 12:10.

Devil - This name means "Slanderer, Accuser, Deceiver." Rev 20:2 shows us that the Devil, the Serpent and Satan are one and the same, and Revelation 12:10 shows the role of the Devil as our accuser

Beelzebub - This is the name of the prince of the devils or demons, another name for Satan, Matthew 12:24.

Belial - This is another name for Satan that means good-for-nothing, worthless or hopeless ruin, 2 Corinthians 6:15.

The Wicked One - A name used by Jesus to describe Satan, Matthew 13:38-39.

Prince of This World - Satan is called the prince (or ruler) of this world, meaning that he is over this world system, John 14:30. Satan is over politics, business, and society. Satan is behind the happenings in the world today, leading the world in opposition to God's plan and God's people. But the prince of this world will soon be cast out, John 12:31.

The god of this world (Age) - Satan is called the god of this world in 2 Corinthians 4:4. Satan is the ruler (prince) of this present world. He is currently blinding the minds of the unbeliever, working against God's plan. This is one of the reasons the apostle Paul calls this an evil world in Gal 1:4. Satan is the evil one, and is responsible for the evil in today's world. This world will never improve until the time has come for God to remove Satan as the prince of this world. Then, we will have Jesus Himself as the ruler of this world and a restoration of good.

Prince of the Power of the Air - Satan is not only called the prince of this world, but also the prince of the power of the air. This is referring to his ruling over all the demonic hosts (the fallen angels) who operate in our immediate atmosphere, working against God's plan, Ephesians 2:2.

That Old Serpent. - This is another name for Satan, and looks back to the temptation in the Garden of Eden. Satan is crafty in his deception. The apostle John ties some of the names of Satan together in Rev 12:9,

Dragon - This is another name for Satan that refers to his cruel, vicious character, Revelation 12:9.

John also tells us in Rev 20:2-3 that this dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan will be bound for 1000 years, and sealed in a bottomless pit.

The end of this dragon, or Satan, is foretold in Rev 20:10.

The Evil One - We can see that Satan is the wicked one in 1 John 5:18. The word "wicked" used in this verse is the Greek word "Poneeros", which has the meaning of the evil, wicked, or bad. Then, in the book of John, John 17:15, the evil here is referring to the evil one, Satan, and this is made clear in many other translations, as they have translated the passage as "the evil one." In this verse, Jesus is praying that His children should be kept from Satan, the evil one. Obviously, Satan works against God's plan and God's children.

Angel of Light - In his letter to the Corinthians, the apostle Paul tells them that Satan can transform himself into an angel of light. Satan can transform himself into a minister of righteousness; he looks good, sounds good, but is a deceiver, working against God's plan. Even the angels in Satan's kingdom can be transformed into ministers of righteousness, 2 Corinthians 11:14-15.

Father of Lies - In the book of John, the apostle gives us a glimpse of the character of Satan, and calls him the "father of lies", John 8:44

Murderer - In the book of John, the apostle tells us that Satan is a murderer, John 8:44.

Roaring Lion - Peter referred to Satan as a "roaring lion" in 1 Peter 5:8.

Ruler of Darkness - Satan is the prince, or ruler, of this world. Satan, as we have seen above, is the one who blinds unbeliever's minds to the truth of God's Word, letting them remain in darkness. Satan is the prince or ruler of darkness, Ephesians 6:1 2.

Lucifer, Son of the Morning - This name is taken from Isaiah 14:12. The name literally means the shining one. This was the name of Satan in his unfallen condition. After the fall, his names and titles reflect his new evil character.

Accuser of the Brethren - One of Satan's daily activities is to accuse believers before God. The apostle John refers to him as the accuser of the brethren in Revelation 12:10.

Abaddon, Apollyon - Abaddon is the Greek name, and Apollyon is the Hebrew equivalent. The words mean destroyer - destruction. This title tells us of the destructive work of Satan, as he attempts to destroy God's plan, revelation 10:1.

The Temper - This is another title of Satan which characterizes him throughout the Bible, Matthew 4:3.


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Satan is not an impersonal thing, or force, as some would have us believe. Satan exhibits the characteristics of personality, and is a person.

Satan exhibited intelligence in the Garden of Eden. In this reference, the word "subtilty could also be translated cunning or craftiness, indicating intelligence and the ability to think, 2 Corinthians 11:3.

Satan exhibits anger, a trait of personality, Revelation 12:17.

Satan was created in perfect beauty and wisdom, both are traits of personality, Ezekiel 28:12.

Like mankind, Satan was created with a free will, and could sin and, in fact, committed the first sin, Ezekiel 28:15.

Satan is held accountable for his conduct, and will, eventually, be cast into the lake of fire. Only one who has knowledge, and a will, both personality traits, could be held accountable.

Next we have conversations between God and Satan. We also see in the book of Job that Satan walks throughout the earth, Job 1:7-8.

There are many personal pronouns used in the Bible relating to Satan, thus attributing personality to Satan, Matthew 4:10.

Satan has various names that describe his character and, therefore, indicate that he is a real person.

Some believe that Satan is currently in hell, presiding over the torture of the damned. In reality, Satan is in the world today in charge of his fallen angels.


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Satan is a fallen angel, and what is true of angels is also true of Satan and his fallen angels, sometimes referred to as demons.

Satan is a created being, an angel created by Christ, Colossians 1:16.

Satan is a spirit being, Hebrews 1:14. We are told in Hebrews 1:14,

We are not in a battle with flesh and blood.Ephesians 6:12 tells us that our battle is a spiritual battle, a battle against world rulers of this present darkness, against spiritual wickedness.

Satan is not omnipresent (meaning present everywhere) - only God is omnipresent.  Satan is a created being and can only be in one place at a time.  He is not everywhere, but his followers, the fallen angels [demons] are, and Satan can come to their aid.  Satan is the head of a host of demons, who are so numerous they make Satan's power and presence seem to be practically everywhere at once, Mark 5:8-9.  The word "Legion", used above, is that of a Legion or Regiment in the Roman Army.

Satan is not omniscient (meaning all knowing). He is wise, but not all wise. Satan has his vast army of demons that he obtains information from.   For example, Spiritism, where we have people talking to the dead, is not all false.  Of course, no one can talk to the dead but Satan and his demons have worked to damn all mankind, so they know about the dead, and can communicate this information to the medium.

Satan is not omnipotent. Omnipotent means all powerful, and only God is all powerful.   God would not be God unless He is all powerful.  Satan is not all powerful, but since mankind was created a little lower than the angels, Satan is much more powerful than mankind.  Satan is subject to God, as we see in the book of Job.  Job 1:8-12. Here we see that God protected Job, and Satan could do nothing without permission from God.

The temptation of Christ by Satan shows that Satan is not all powerful, omnipotent, Luke 4:6-8. . 

It is obvious that if mankind needs armour from God to stand against Satan, that Satan is extremely powerful.   Also, obvious should be the fact that Satan is not all-powerful (omnipotent), since God's armour can provide mankind a means of standing against Satan, Ephesians 6:11.

Satan is in the world, and we are informed in 1 John 4:4 that He that is in you, is greater than he that is in the world.   The Holy Spirit resides within the believer and He is greater that Satan, who is in the world.   Satan can be resisted and made to flee, according to James 4:7, but it is not by the strength of the Christian, but by the strength of God that is made available to us, Ephesians 6:10-12.

One last feature of Satan is his fear of and subjection to God.   If you are a believer, you can submit yourself to God, resist the Devil and he will flee, James 4:7.

Obviously, Satan will not flee from mankind, because Satan is stronger than mankind.   However, if one is a believer, he has the help of God to stand against Satan, to resist Satan, and Satan will flee, 1 John 4:4.


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Satan is the Author of Sin and Tempts Men to Sin - Matthew 4:1. In Matthew 4:3, Satan is called the tempter and throughout time he has succeeded in tempting mankind with the things of the world, and leading them to induldge in immoral behavior. In the book of James, James tells us that man is drawn away and tempted of his own lusts, James 1:14. In Paul's letter to the Corinthian Church we find that it is Satan who uses things in our life to tempt us, 1 Corinthians 7:5. When Jesus was in the wilderness it was Satan who tempted Him, Mark 1:12-13. James tells us that temptation can be endured, James 1:12, and God says that Christians will not be tempted above what they are able to endure, but will make a way to escape, 1 Corinthians 10:13.

Satan Produces Sickness - Satan oppresses mankind as shown in Acts 10:38. Satan causes individual sickness, Luke 13:16.

Satan Lays Snares for Men - Timothy tells us that Satan lays snares for mankind. 2 Tim 2:26

Satan steals God's Word out of the hearts of mankind - Matthew tells us that Satan works against God's plan by stealing God's Word out of the hearts of mankind, Matthew 13:19, Luke 8:12.

Satan Puts Wicked Purposes Into Hearts - Our hearts are deceitful, and Satan will use every opportunity to cause us to do evil. If we give room for Satan in our lives, he will use it to cause us to go against God's plan, Ephesians 4:27.

Satan Blinds Minds - It should come as no surprise that Satan works to blind the minds of mankind so they won't believe the Gospel. The god of this world refers to Satan. This is part of his work against God's plan, 2 Cor 4:4.

Satan Harasses Men - Because it would benefit Paul, God allowed Satan to harass Paul. Paul called it a "thorn in the flesh", 2 Corinthians 12:7

Satan takes Advantage of Mankind - Satan is always on the lookout for a way to take advantage of mankind, 2 Corinthians 2:11.

Satan Accuses Men Before God - Satan accuses men before God day and night. However, he will one day be cast out of the presence of God. Revelation 12:10.

Satan Enters Into Men - The Apostle John tells us that Satan enters into mankind, John 13:2.

Satan Sows Tares Among God's People - It is Satan that placed false believers and teachers among God's people, Matthew 13:38-39.

Satan Resists God's Servants - Zechariah writes that Satan resisted Joshua, the High Priest, Zechariah 3:1, Daniel 10:13.

Satan Hinders God's Servants - The apostle Paul speaks of the hindrance of Satan, 1 Thessalonians 2:18.

Satan Sifts God's Servants - Luke tells us that Satan had desired to sift Peter. The idea of sifting here is that Satan desired to bring trials, temptation, and tribulation to Peter, to see if his faith would remain, Luke 22:31.

Satan Holds the World - Satan is the god of this world and this world system, and this world lies in the hands of an evil, wicked, fallen angel called Satan, 1 John 5:19. 2 Corinthians 4:4.

Satan Lies and Deceives - The apostle John points out that Satan is, among other things, a liar and the father of lies, John 8:44. Satan's power extends to deceiving the whole world, Revelation 12:9

Satan lies to deceive mankind and oppose God's plan, 2 Corinthians 11:13-14, Ephesians 4:14, 2 Thessalonians 2:9-10, 2 Corinthians 4:3-4.

Satan controls the fallen angels working against God's plan - Satan has a kingdom, Matthew 12:26

A kingdom must have a king, ruler, or prince. A kingdom must have a realm to rule over, and as we have seen, Satan is called the god of this world. Therefore, Satan is the prince (ruler or king) of this world and his realm is this world. A kingdom must have one last thing, subjects to rule over. The subjects of Satan's kingdom are the fallen angels, and much of the world, as we know it. In the book of Revelation, we see Satan and his angels fighting and, eventually, being cast out of heaven. Revelation 12:7-9,


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Is Satan currently ruling in hell, as some have imagined? Are Satan and his angels presently imprisoned in hell? 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 6 tell us of angels that are being reserved in everlasting chains under darkness. Satan and his angels are at liberty and free to roam the earth, Job 1:7, 1 Peter 5:8, 2 Corinthians 4:4. Satan is referred to as the "prince of this world", and so cannot be in hell, but must be loose in the world, John 12:31. In Jude 1:9, we see Satan at work in this world, not in hell. We see that Satan is the god of this present world, it can be see in Jo that Satan is limited in certain things, Job 2:1-6.

Satan is a real person, a fallen angel with supernatural powers. He does not rule or reign in hell, and is not a keeper of hell. God prepared the lake of fire for the devil (Satan) and his angels. Satan does not confine people to hell; it is mankind, through their own unbelief, that sends them to hell, John 3:18. Those who do not believe in Christ will eventually be cast into the lake of fire to join Satan and his fallen angels, Revelation 20:14-15.

From the above study, it should be clear that Satan is not in hell, and neither are most of his angels. They are free to roam the earth seeking whom they may devour. We have shown that Satan is presently the god of this world, the prince of this world, and is not reigning or ruling in hell, as some have imagined.


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Many in the world today don't recognize the extent of Satan's influence, but Satan is a real person, is still the god of this world, and he has a host of demons standing by to help him in his endeavors to deceive the world. Through these helpers, he also brings an enormous influence on the course of world affairs.

During this present world system, Satan is free to move about as he wishes, hindering the program of God, and promoting his own interests. (See Satan's Work) With the return of Christ, Satan will be bound for 1000 years, Revelation 20:1-3. After Satan is bound, he no longer has the freedom he enjoyed during this present world and the tribulation, but is securely confined for the next 1000 years.

There will be a time of peace for 1000 years, but after those 1000 years Satan will be loosed for a season, and will again go forth to deceive the nations. For 1000 years Satan will see the plans and goals of Christ brought to pass, but after that 1000 years, Satan gathers a huge army, the Bible says, as the number of the sand of the sea, to do battle against God's people, Revelation 20:7-8, Revelation 20:8-10. This lake of fire and brimstone was prepared for Satan and his angels, but the unbelieving will also be cast into the lake of fire. They will be confined there forever and ever, Matthew 25:41, Revelation 20:13-15.

Presently then, Satan is loose in our world, but this is a temporary thing. At the second coming of Christ, Satan will be bound for a thousand years, and then let loose for a season, Revelation 20:3; 20:7. Satan and his angels will then be cast into the lake of fire, Revelation 20:10.


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Many never give Satan credit for his work in this world. Man may be ignorant of the devices of Satan, but he is on their trail all the time, whether they know it or not. His presence can be felt in every home, on every street corner, in our courts, in our churches, deceiving and seducing the souls and bodies of mankind, sowing all kinds of evil, hatred, wickedness, strife and murder. Satan causes many problems, suffering, and evil in this world, and many falsely attribute this to God, rather than Satan.

Satan is a created being, and long ago committed a sin that caused him to be what he is today. This sin was the original sin of the universe, pride. Isaiah tells us about the fall of Satan, Isaiah 14:14. His sin was caused by choosing his will above the will of God (disobedience-sin). He next appears in the Garden of Eden to deceive Eve and plunge the human race into disobedience (sin) and death.

It is Satan that goes about seeking whom he may devour and, as Peter states, the devil is our adversary. He is an adversary not only to Christians, but to all mankind, 1 Peter 5:8. We are told in the book of Revelation that Satan is the one who deceives the whole world, Revelation 12:9.

Satan is out to deceive, and blind, the mind of mankind. He and his workers are called deceitful workers, 2 Corinthians 11:13-15, 2 Corinthians 4:4. Satan also snatches the truth of God's word from the hearts of people, Mark 4:15. One of the things this blindness causes is a belief that there are many ways to heaven, when there is, in reality, only one way, Acts 4:12, John 14:6.

Satan is the ruler of darkness and of this world system, Ephesians 6:12. Although he deceives the nations today, he will one day be prohibited from doing this, Revelation 20:3. Satan even hinders God's messengers from accomplishing their tasks, 1 Thessalonians 2:18, Daniel 10:12-13. He also produces sickness and oppresses mankind, Luke 13:16, Acts 10:38.

Jesus Christ is still the answer today and is the only answer. In the book of II Timothy 2:26, we can also see that it is Satan who lays snares for men. The good news is that everyone has a choice, in this life, to make peace with God or to ignore Him, and walk with Satan. Making the right decision will enable us to one day soon enjoy a life without Satan, with no more suffering, problems, evil nor wickedness. Even though Satan is stronger and more intelligent than we of the human race, we can still successfully stand against him. God has made available the armor to stand against Satan, but it is only available to those who have made peace with God, Ephesians 6:10-18. Satan is a defeated foe and will, in the end, receive his punishment in the lake of fire, Revelation 20:10.

Again, it is only by making peace with God that we can have victory over Satan. Peace with God not only allows us to enter the kingdom of God, it gives us the access to the armour of God so that we can stand against Satan.


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After we have made peace "with" God there are two enemies to deal with, the flesh and the devil. If we have made peace with God we have His help in being victorious over these two enemies. Christ has already made this victory available to us by his death, burial, and resurrection.

The devil is the enemy of both the believer and the non believer. Even though the devil will use non believers as long as they serve him, he will be constantly attacking believers. When he gets through with the non believer, he will simply destroy them. The believer must put on the armor of God, Ephesians 6:10-18, and study God's Word to avoid being deceived by the devil and his hosts. If not, he will become insecure and uncertain, and live in the fear that the devil may win. Peter says in 1 Peter 5:8 that the devil goes about as a roaring lion, seeking to devour those he may devour.

Before one makes peace with God, the devil has power over them, because of the Old Testament law. He can accuse us before God on everything we do. After we have made peace with God, the devil has lost his power since the power, since Christ perfectly fulfilled the law, Romans 3:19-22. When Christ fulfilled the law, He broke the power of sin and the devil, but over all those who are in Christ. In Romans 4:22-25, we see that the righteousness of Christ is imputed, or put on the account of, those who are in Christ, those who have made peace with God.

It was the devil that originated sin and rebellion and, therefore, is the author of all sin, sickness and death. Satan fell from his position because of pride, and tried to overthrow God so he could be glorified as God, Isaiah 14:12-17; Ezekiel 28:12-19. God is all powerful and defeated Satan, Revelation 12:9. Satan then decided to attack God by attempting to overthrow mankind. Christ came to redeem the world from the powers of evil and paid the price for the redemption of all mankind. Christ died to pay our penalty, was buried, and resurrected, 1 Corinthians 15:3-9. Therefore, it is only Christ that can save us from this evil world and its coming destruction.

In Ephesians 6:10-13, Paul identifies the enemy and lets us know how to have victory over him. It can be seen from this passage that we must submit to God, put on all the armor that God has provided, and stand against the devil. This is a battle that began when we were born. In this warfare there will be no prisoners. There will be losers who have been deceived by the wiles of the devil and his angelic host who fell from heaven. Then there will be the victors, those who have made peace with God, and taken their place in heavenly places with Christ. Don't let this spiritual warfare become polluted by superstition or sensationalism, such as seen on the popular spiritual programming on many cable TV stations. These only serve to drive people away from the true message of how to have peace with God.

In the Ephesians passage above, in verse 13, it says having done all, to stand. It is not through our strength that we can stand in the heat of battle, but it is God's strength in us, when we submit to God. In Hebrews 12:1-4 it is clear that we must put aside everything that keeps us from obeying God. James says that we must submit ourselves and draw near to God, James 4:7-8, and the devil will flee. We can never experience the strength of God if we are double minded (unsure, insecure, or vascillating), as shown in verse 8. Double minded would mean we are divided between living for Christ and living for the world. We must first submit our lives to God, who will cleanse us and purify us. Our entanglements in the world can cause us to vascillate, if we are not placing our full trust and hope in the finished work of Christ.

The devil is not afraid of our power, but is afraid of God's power within us. The Bible also states in 1 John 4:4 that greater is He who is within us than he who is in the world. The Holy Spirit of God is with us if we have made peace with God. If we haven't made peace with God we are in serious trouble. Paul states in 1 Corinthians 15:55-58 that our victory is not because of our ability or efforts, but is based upon the finished work of Jesus Christ. Our peace with God is possible because of the finished work of Jesus Christ. In Colossians 2:15 we see that Christ has already had the victory over principalities and powers and made a show of them.

What is the Character of God's power within believers that He exercises on their behalf? In Ephesians 1:19-23 we can see that power in the resurrection of Christ. We can also see that Jesus is now on the right hand of God, where He can make intercession for those that are His. Jesus Christ is far more powerful than the devil and his angelic army. The power within believers is the power that put all things under the feet of Jesus Christ. It is also the power that made Jesus Christ the head of the Church.

In Ephesians 3:14-21, it can be seen how this power works through the believer. The believer is strengthened by the Holy Spirit in several ways. He is strengthened in the inner man, by the power of the Holy Spirit. He is strengthened so that Christ may dwell in his heart by faith. The believer is strengthened so that he may be able to comprehend the love of Christ. He will be strengthened to know the love of Christ, and will, at some point, be called upon to suffer for Christ's sake. Believers can be sure that if Christ is with them, then He can work through the believer to do those things He has for us to accomplish as He has in the past.

The devil does have limitations. Many think of the devil as being equal, but opposite of God, and on par with God. This isn't true. The devil is a created being, created by God. All angels are separately created by God, and therefore can not participate in the salvation that is offered to mankind. Adam and Eve were created by God, and all humanity is descended from Adam and Eve. We can see that even an angel can have power over the devil, or Satan, in Revelation 20:1-2. The angel was given a chain, and was directed to bind Satan and cast him down into a pit for 1000 years.

In Ephesians 6:11-12 we can see some of the power of the devil. We are told there to defend ourselves with the spiritual armor furnished by God, and to stand. We stand in the strength of God, not our own strength, and that way we can stand against the wiles (trickery, deceit, cunning arts) of the devil. Many like to say, "The devil made me do it." Fact is the devil cannot make you do it. All he can do is entice us through our flesh, to draw us into demonstrating what is in our hearts. Instead of the devil making us do it, we are victims of our own lusts. (Matthew 15:19-20) James also says the source of sin is succumbing to our lusts, and that our lusts are in our hearts, James 1:13-16. The key is that we are enticed by our own lusts, by our own flesh, not by the lust of another, and particularly not by the lusts of the devil. The power of the devil is to convince us to act against the will of God. If we submit ourselves to God, and put on the amour of God, the devil has no power over us.

The devil can attack us through our circumstances. Look at the circumstances of Job. He lost everything, except faith in God. The devil could not do anything with Job unless God allowed him to. God sometimes allows us to go through problems to build our character or our faith. When we do, we need to remain faithful like Job did. We can have more faith by studying the Word of God. We have a command to study diligently in 2 Timothy 2:15. When Jesus was tempted by the devil, he quoted the Word of God in response to the devil, Luke 4:5-8. Clearly, we need to know God's Word in order to be able to use it in this spiritual warfare, when the devil tempts as well as to reach out to those who are lost, and to make sure we are not lead astray by false teachers.


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