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The Kingdom of God and the Old Testament

What is the kingdom of God? The kingdom of God is composed of the entire universe, including the earth. Man is a rebel in God's kingdom and has come under the penalty of sin, which is death, Romans 6:23. The greatest need of mankind is his redemption from sin, so he can enter into the kingdom of God. Mankind can enter into the kingdom of God through the new birth. Outside the kingdom of God man is still under the rule of God but he is also under condemnation of the death penalty.

The Bible uses the word kingdom in three different ways, as a realm or territory, as the people that are ruled, and of the reign itself. When the devil showed Jesus the kingdoms of the world, he was referring to the realm of the kingdom, Matthew 4:8; Luke 4:5. In the Lord's prayer Jesus speaks of the realm or territory, Matthew 6:13. When Jesus tells us that kingdom shall rise against kingdom, He is speaking of the realm or territory ruled over, Matthew 24:7.

When Matthew tells us to seek the kingdom of God, he is speaking of a people that are ruled, Matthew 6:33. He is speaking of the people who have voluntarily subjected themselves to God's rule over their lives, Mark 10:15; Matthew 21:31; Luke 16:16; Colossians 1:13.

Sometimes the word kingdom is used because the kingdom is present in the person of the King, Matthew 12:28; Luke 17:21. Other times the kingdom is about the reign or rule itself. Sometimes it is regarding the time factor of a reign as in Luke 19:12, Luke 22:29; 1 Corinthians 15:24-26.

The kingdom of God is the rule of God in Christ over a redeemed people, who have voluntarily accepted Jesus Christ, and subjected their lives to Him. In the New Testament the kingdom was given to Jesus Christ. Jesus, John the Baptist, and the disciples of Jesus gave a personal invitation for the people to enter into the kingdom. Today, one enters into the kingdom of God through the new birth, John 1:12-13; 3:3-5.

In the Old Testament, God promised Israel a literal kingdom. It was promised to Israel for a period of one thousand years. At the end of this time there will be a new heaven and a new earth, then, the kingdom of God resumes it's eternal nature.

In the kingdom of God on earth, Jesus Christ will be the King and His name will be Emmanuel, God with us, Matthew 1:23. It was foretold that He would be of the lineage of David, 2 Samuel 7:16. Long ago, Isaiah told us that He would be born of a virgin, Isaiah 7:14, and Micah told us He would be born in Bethlehem, Micah 5:2. Isaiah said that His capital would be in Jerusalem, Isaiah 2:1-3; 62:1-7.

Jesus will rule over a regathered and converted Israel, Isaiah 11:11-12; Deuteronomy 30:3-6; Jeremiah 23:6-8; 33:7-9; Ezekiel 36:24. Jesus, as King, will rule over regathered Israel and all the nations of the world, Psalms 72:11; Isaiah 55:5; Daniel 7:13-14; Zechariah 8:22. The kingdom will be characterized by righteousness and holiness, Ezekiel 36:24-26; Isaiah 35:10. In this kingdom there will be peace and justice for everyone, Psalms 72:1-14; Isaiah 65:21-22; Zechariah 9:10. The kingdom will also bring changes in nature. There will be no more famines, disease will be gone, and people will live longer, Isaiah 11:6-9; 32:14-16; 65:20, 22; Ezekiel 36:24-26.

During this one thousand year reign of Jesus Christ on earth, Satan will be bound. However, at the end of the one thousand year reign, Satan will be loosed for a little season and then will be defeated, judged, and cast into a lake of fire, Revelation 20:2; 20:8-10.

The church isn't mentioned in this history. The people of old testament times did not know about the church, it was a mystery to them, Ephesians 3:3-6. The church comes upon the earth at Pentecost and leaves the earth at the rapture, before the one thousand year reign of Jesus Christ.


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