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Introduction to the Life of Christ

This article isn't intended to cover all the details of the life of Christ. We will mention, in chronological order, many of the events to give us a better understanding of Christ. The date of 2 B. C. will be used for His date of birth, and if you disagree and have another date, then add or subtract from the dates in this article to arrive at yours. All of the events of the life of Christ are not mentioned, and neither are all the teachings. The use of the terms, Winter-Spring refers to the first 4 months of the year, January through April. Summer refers to May through August and Fall-Winter refers to September through December. The events will then be accurate within two or three months. It is not our intent to address controversial, or disputed, areas such as theology, or textual matters.

We must first understand a few things about God's plan. God created all things, including mankind. Man was created to rule over the earth, and to fellowship with God. Man sinned and lost the opportunity to rule over the earth. Man also came under the curse of death because of his sin. Sin separates man from God. To end this separation God, because of His love for mankind, made the first animal sacrifice, as a covering for sin, pointing to the coming of Jesus Christ to pay for man's sins, Romans 5:8. God promised Adam a Seed that would come through the woman, Eve, that would be a substitutionary sacrifice for man's sin, Genesis 3:15. This Seed would come and die in mankind's place, for their sins. The Seed would also, eventually, set up the kingdom of God on earth and rule over it for one thousand years, and then, after defeating all enemies, He would give over the kingdom of God to His Father.

The wages of sin is death, Romans 6:23, both in a spiritual sense and, eventually, in a separation of the spirit and soul from the body. There is a second death for those who refuse to accept the finished work of Christ for their sins. This second death is eternal separation from God in a lake of fire, Revelation 20:14; 21:8. Christ came to pay for man's sin by dying in their place, John 3:16-18.

So, just what is this kingdom of God? What is a kingdom?

A kingdom consists of a king, a people to rule over, and a territory to rule over. The kingdom of God will be ruled by God, in the person of Jesus Christ. The people, or subjects, of the kingdom of God will be those who have voluntarily entered into the kingdom by the new birth. Jesus, and the disciples announced that the kingdom of God was at hand, and invited everyone to enter through the new birth. Today, every believer is commanded to proclaim the gospel, and to invite everyone into the kingdom of God by way of the new birth. When one enters the kingdom,*** they become a part of God's called out assembly, which is called the Church. The Church, or this called out assembly, is required to teach that person, to train them, and send them out to proclaim the gospel. Christ set the example by bringing in the twelve apostles, teaching them, training them, and then sending them out to proclaim the gospel, the good news.

In the Davidic Covenant, God promised Israel a literal kingdom, and gave the dimensions of the land of that kingdom. Jesus Christ, a direct descendant of King David, also called a Son of David, is to be the King, and will rule over the kingdom forever. In the kingdom of God, Jesus will rule over the people of Israel, the land of Israel, and all the nations of earth for one thousand years. At the end of this thousand years Satan, and all evil, will be defeated. Then we will have a new heaven and a new earth, and the kingdom will be given over to God the Father.

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The Birth of Jesus Christ

Jesus was born in 2 B.C., in Bethlehem, Luke 2:1-20. This was foretold years earlier in Micah 5:2. His name was to be Jesus, Matthew 1:21; Isaiah 7:14; 9:6. He would be born of the Hebrew people (Genesis 12:2) and of the tribe of Judah, Genesis 49:10. He would be born into the family of David, 2 Samuel 7:16-17. His parents would be the virgin Mary (Isaiah 7:14; Luke 1:27-35), and the Holy Spirit, Matthew 1:20; 1:22-23. The record of the lineage of Jesus is recorded in Matthew 1 and Luke 3.

The angel of the Lord announced the birth of the Savior, Jesus Christ, to the shepherds, telling them that on this day, in the city of David's birth, Bethlehem, a Savior is born, which is Christ the Lord, Luke 2:11. Later, when the wise men found Jesus, they fell down and worshiped Him and gave Him gifts, Matthew 2:11. In the coming millennial reign of Christ, as this foreshadows, all nations will come before Him and Worship Him, Psalms 86:9; Isaiah 66:23; Zechariah 14:16-19. Old Simeon, a good and righteous man, also recognized Jesus as the Savior, Luke 2:30-34.

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The Beginning of Christ's Ministry

Fall-Winter of 28 A.D.
Jesus began His ministry in the later part of 29 A.D.. John the Baptist came to prepare the way for Christ, in fulfillment of Isaiah's prophecy, Isaiah 40:3-5. In Judea he preached, admonishing his audiences to repent for the kingdom of heaven was at hand (Matthew 3:2), and he proclaimed to the people to prepare the way of the Lord, Mark 1:3.

The Baptism of Jesus

Fall-Winter of 28 A.D.
We now are seeing Jesus being pointed out as the Messiah, the Lamb of God and King of Israel. Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist in the Jordan River, Mark 1:9. This was the anointing of Jesus as prophet, priest, and king. Immediately after His baptism, He was led into the wilderness by the Spirit of God, where He was tempted by Satan, Mark 1:12-13. The devil offered Him all the kingdoms of this world (Luke 4:5-7), and this would have allowed Jesus to avoid the cross, but Jesus had came to be the king of the kingdom of God. If Jesus would have accepted the offer of Satan, the devil, Satan would have defeated God. Jesus refused this offer, Luke 4:8.

The Temptation in the Wilderness

Fall-Winter of 28 A.D.
When Jesus returned from the temptation in the wilderness, John pointed Him out as the Lamb of God, John 1:29. John had a disciple by the name of Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, who went to his brother, Simon, and told him they had found the Messiah, John 1:41. Philip found Nathanael and told him they had found the one that Moses and the prophets had written about, Jesus of Nazareth, Son of Joseph, John 1:45. They did not yet realize the truth about Jesus' birth., that He was born through a supernatural action of God the Father, through the Virgin Mary, and thus did not have a human father.

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Turning Water into Wine at Cana

Winter-Spring of 29 A.D.
In early 30 A.D., after returning to Galilee, there was a wedding in Cana. Jesus and His disciples were invited to the marriage. The family ran short of wine so Jesus' mother, Mary, asked Jesus to, basically, "fix it, do something", so He turned water into wine, John 2:1-11. The ministry of Jesus was validated by sign-miracles. There were sign-miracles over nature, of physical healing, over demons, and over death. Here we have the first sign-miracle, and it was over nature. These miracles showed that Jesus was God. No one else could have done the things that He did. It should also be noted that in the future kingdom, there will not be a shortage of food, life will be extended and the curse of disease lifted. Satan will be bound and evil largely restricted, and those who have died will be resurrected and take part in the kingdom, and finally death will be abolished.

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Jesus Attends the First Passover of His Ministry

Summer of 29 A.D.
After the wedding at Cana, Jesus went down to Capernaum. This was His first visit to His future home, and would be His headquarters for most of His ministry. From here, Jesus went to Jerusalem and attended the first Passover of His ministry, John 2:13. When He came into the Temple, He found merchants that sold oxen, sheep, doves, and the money changers, or bankers. They were doing this to supply, to pilgrims, sacrifices to God -- but not at a fair price, but at greatly inflated prices. They were not even supposed to be doing this there. It was at this Passover that He first cleansed the Temple. He would do so again, near the end of His ministry, John 2:15-16. The Jews in the Temple did not question why He cleansed the Temple, their only question was by what authority He cleansed it. He then made a seemingly obscure reply by saying that they could destroy this temple, meaning His body, and that in three days, He would raise it back up again, John 2:18-19. This means that at the beginning of His ministry, Jesus knew about His coming death. Of course, the Jews nor His disciples understood this, but they would understand later when Jesus arose from the grave. They all thought He spoke of the actual stone temple that Solomon had built.

Nicodemus and The New Birth

Summer of 29 A.D.
Then a man named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews, came to Jesus. He understood, he said, that Jesus was a teacher from God, because no man could do the miracles that He had done. Jesus answered him by saying that, unless a man is born again, he can not see the kingdom of God, John 3:1-3. Jesus then explained to him how to be born again, John 3:5-8. He continued by telling Nicodemus that He had come to offer eternal life to those who believed, John 3:14-18.

Jesus and John then continued their ministries in Judea during the summer of 26 A.D., preaching that the kingdom of Heaven was at hand, John 3:22-26. Jesus then left Judea to go to Galilee through Samaria. Samaria is also called Sychar in the scriptures.

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The Samaritan Woman at the Well

Winter of 29 A.D.
When Jesus came into the city of Samaria, He stopped at Jacob's well. A local woman came near to where Jesus was sitting, to draw water out of the well. Normally, the Jews and Samaritans had no dealings with one another, but Jesus asked her for a drink. This lead to a question of whether they should worship in Jerusalem, as the Jews do, or in Mount Gerizim, as the Samaritans. Jesus explained that the time was coming that they would neither worship in Mount Gerizim, nor at Jerusalem, but true worshipers would worship the Father in spirit and in truth, John 4:20-23.

Jesus continued on, telling her, basically, that He was the Messiah. Since Jesus had told her all that she had ever done, she then went into the city, telling others about Jesus, John 4:28-29. So, the Samaritans came out to Jesus and asked him to stay, so He stayed there two days. Many said they now knew for sure that Jesus was the Christ, the Savior of the world, because they had heard Him, John 4:40-42.

The Nobleman's Son Healed

Winter of 29 A.D.
After two days, Jesus left Samaria and went on to Galilee, and went into Cana, where He had previously turned the water into wine. This was the first of four Galilean tours. In Cana, He met a nobleman whose son was sick at Capernaum. The nobleman asked Jesus go down and heal his son, as he was close to death. Jesus told him to go his way because his son would live. Jesus healed the son, who was about twenty miles away, John 4:49-51. This was the first of three long distance healings performed by Jesus. God is all powerful, omnipotent, and omnipresent, so distance wasn't a problem for Jesus. This was another sign-miracle showing that Jesus is God.

Jesus continued His ministry in Galilee, taught in their synagogues and was glorified by all, Mark 1:14; Luke 4:14-15. We need to remember that Jesus was the king promised to Israel in the Davidic Covenant. He came in fulfillment of God's promises, as Savior and King.

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Jesus Rejected at Nazareth

Winter-Spring of 30 A.D.
In early A.D. 31, Jesus moved on to Nazareth. Jesus had been brought up in Nazareth, and went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day and taught. He read the prophecy of Isaiah in Isaiah 61:1-2 and told them He was the fulfillment of this prophecy, Luke 4:16-21. Jesus said the Spirit of the Lord was upon Him, because he had come to preach the gospel to the poor, to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are bruised, and to preach the acceptable year of the Lord. The people of Nazareth rejected Him and wanted to kill Him. They rose up to throw Him out of the city, but Jesus passed through the midst of them and went His way, Luke 4:29-30. As Jesus went on His second and third Galilean tours, He fulfilled all that was mentioned by Isaiah.

The Miracle of the Fish and the Calling of Four Disciples

Winter-Spring of 30 A.D.
Near His new home in Capernaum, Jesus found Peter, Andrew, James and John, who had spent the night fishing, without catching anything. Jesus talked with them and told them where they should go to try again, and then provided them with a great multitude of fish, a miracle. Jesus asked them to follow Him and He would make them fishers of men, Matthew 4:18-21; Mark 1:16-20; Luke 5:1-11.

The Demoniac Healed at Capernaum

Winter-Spring of 30 A.D.
Jesus and the four disciples now went to Capernaum and taught on the Sabbath days, Luke 4:29:31; Matthew 4:13. At the synagogue, there was a man who had a spirit of an unclean devil, also known as a demon, or fallen angel. These entities are able to enter, and control, human beings, using their voices and controlling their body actions. The demon recognized Jesus as the Holy One of God. Jesus rebuked him, and told him to come out of the man, and the demon came out. This amazed the people, because here was a teacher that taught with authority, and even had power over demon spirits, Luke 4:32-36; Mark 1:21-28.

Healing of Peter's Mother-in-law

Winter-Spring of 30 A.D.
When Jesus left the synagogue, He went to Peter's house, where Peter's mother-in-law was sick with a fever. Jesus touched her and her fever left, so she felt well enough that she was able to get up and serve them, Luke 4:38-39; Matthew 8:14-15; Mark 1:29-31. That evening, they brought to Him all those that were diseased and possessed with devils, and He healed many and cast out many demons, who came out affirming that Jesus was the Christ, the Son of God, Mark 1:32-34; Matthew 8:16-17; Luke 4:40-41.

The Second Galilean Tour with His Four Disciples

Winter-Spring of 30 A.D.
The next day, Jesus and his four disciples went out to a solitary place and prayed. Jesus said that He had come to preach in the next towns, so He preached in the synagogues throughout all Galilee, and cast out devils. This was His second Galilean tour and multitudes began to follow Him, Mark 1:35-39; Luke 4:42-44.

Healing of the Leper

Winter-Spring of 30 A.D.
Then, in a certain city, a leper came to Jesus, asking Him to make him clean. Jesus put forth His hand and touched him, and spoke to him, saying "Be clean"., Mark 1:40-41; Luke 5:12-13; Matthew 8:2-3. The leper was immediately cleansed, and Jesus told him to tell no one, but go show himself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded (Leviticus 14:1-7), for a testimony to them, Mark 1:44-44; Matthew 8:4; Luke 5:14. This was to be a testimony to the religious leaders of Israel, that Jesus was the Messiah. However, instead of following the instructions of Jesus, the leper went about telling everyone, and many came seeking Jesus to be healed, Luke 5:15; Mark 1:45. Now, Jesus could not enter openly into the city, but had to withdraw to a desert place. So the lepers disobedience hindered the work of the Lord, as does our disobedience today.

The Palsied Man Let Down Through the Roof

Winter-Spring of 30 A.D.
Jesus now went to Capernaum, and word got around that He was in a house visiting. Many went there and gathered together, so that there was no room for all of them. They included Pharisees and doctors of the law, from every village of Galilee, Judea, and Jerusalem. Jesus preached the word to them all, Matthew 9:1; Luke 5:17; Mark 2:1-2.

There came one man who was sick of palsy (Palsy is a medical term which refers to various types of paralysis, often accompanied by loss of feeling, and often uncontrolled body movements.), and his friends could not get him to Jesus, because of the crowd. They opened the tiles of the roof, and let him down into the midst before Jesus. Because of their faith, Jesus said to the man with palsy, "Thy sins be forgiven thee." , Mark 2:3-5; Luke 5:18-20; Matthew 9:2.

The Scribes and the Pharisees thought to themselves that only God can forgive sins, which means this man Jesus is blaspheming, claiming to be God. Jesus, knowing even the thoughts of the men, questiomed them, asking them why they were thinking evil thoughts, even in their hearts? He also asked them whether it would be easier to say that your sins are forgiven, or to tell the man to get up and walk? Then, so they would know that Jesus, the Son of God, has the power to forgive sins, He told the man who had the palsy to get up, take his bed, and go home. The issue here was, is Jesus God? The answer is clearly yes. He healed the palsied man by speaking the words, and forgiving his sins. Only God can do this, Matthew 9:3-8; Luke 5:21-24; Mark 2:6-11.

The Call of Matthew and His Feast

Winter-Spring of 30 A.D.
Jesus now left the house where the man was let down through the roof. As He was going, He saw Matthew sitting at the place where Romans collected taxes from the Jews. Jesus said to Matthew, "Follow Me." Matthew immediately followed Jesus, but he was concerned about his friends who were not believers. He then made a feast and invited his friends, publicans and sinners so they could meet Jesus, Matthew 9:9-17; Luke 5:27-29; Mark 2:13-22.

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The Disabled Man at the Pool

Summer of 30 A.D.
In the summer of 28 A.D., Jesus went up to a feast in Jerusalem. By the sheep market there was a pool where a great number of disabled people waited for the waters of the pool to move. It was thought that an angel would come and stir the waters and the first one to get into the pool would be cured, John 5:3-4.

There was a man there who had an infirmity for 38 years, and he explained to Jesus that he couldn't make it into the pool because the others always beat him into the pool. Jesus told him to get up, pick up his bed, or mat, and walk. Immediately he took up his bed and walked, John 5:5-9. The disabled man told the Jews that it was Jesus that made him whole. This made the Jews want to kill Jesus , because He had done these things on the Sabbath day. Jesus told them that His Father is at work, even now, and that He, too, is at work. Now, the Jews were even more angered because Jesus said God was His Father, making Himself equal with God. The Jews considered this blasphemy. Jesus went on to tell them that He and the Father are equal in works and what the Father can do, He can do, John 5:19-47.

Another (Sabbath) Controversy

Summer of 30 A.D.
Jesus and His disciples were returning to Galilee on a Sabbath day, and went through some corn fields, and as they went, they plucked ears of corn to eat, because they were hungry. The Pharisees were angry and wanted to know why Jesus did that on the Sabbath day, which is not lawful, Mark 2:23-24; Luke 6:1-2; Matthew 12:1-2. Jesus pointed out that David did much the same thing when he was hungry, he ate something that, according to the Jewish law, was forbidden. Jesus reminded them that the priest worked on the Sabbath in the temple, a work of necessity, and that the Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath, Matthew 12:3-5; Luke 6:3-5; Mark 2:25-27. Jesus pointed out that in this place there was One greater than the temple, referring to Himself as the Messiah, Matthew 12:6. He continued on to say, "For the Son of man is Lord even of the Sabbath day", Matthew 12:8.

The Man with the Withered Hand

Summer of 30 A.D.
When He returned to Galilee, Jesus went into a synagogue and taught. There were scribes, Pharisees, and a man with a withered hand in the synagogue. The scribes and Pharisees watched Jesus to see if He would heal again on the Sabbath day. Without touching the man, Jesus told him to stretch forth his hand, and it was healed. This angered the scribes and Pharisees, and they held a council against Him, trying to figure out how they might destroy Him. When Jesus knew this, He left, went down to the seaside and a great multitude followed Him, and He healed them all, Matthew 12:9-15; Luke 6:6-11; Mark 3:1-7.

Jesus Chooses Twelve Apostles

Summer of 30 A.D.
Jesus went out to a mountain to pray, and spent the night in prayer. When it was day, He called His disciples and chose from them twelve, whom He named apostles. Luke 6:12-13; Mark 3:12-14. These twelve were, Simon, whom He also named Peter, and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew, Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes, Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, who was also the traitor, Luke 6:14-16. He specifically chose these men so that He might send them out to preach the kingdom of God, to heal sickness, to cast out devils, and to raise the dead, Mark 3:14-15; Matthew 10:7-8; Luke 9:1-2. Since the apostles were called near the middle of the ministry of Jesus, they were with Him for almost two years, and not His entire ministry.

Sermon on the Mount

Summer of 30 A.D.
Jesus went up on a nearby mountain and gave us the Sermon on the Mount. There have been many interpretations of this sermon. One thing it does do, it tells us how Jesus will fulfill the Old Testament promises during His Millennial reign.

Jesus told the people He had not come to destroy the law, or the prophets, but to fulfill them, Matthew 5:17. Jesus also gave us His standard of righteousness, so that we might be able to enter into the kingdom of God, by saying that except our righteousness exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, we would not be able to enter into the kingdom, Matthew 5:20.

The Pharisees had thought that because of their knowledge of the law and traditions, God would accept them into the kingdom. In contrast, the Bible teaches that to be in a right relationship with God, one had to be born again, John 3:3; 6. When one is born again the righteousness of Jesus Christ is imputed, or applied, to their account. Jesus told the disciples to "Seek ye first the kingdom of God, and His righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you", (Matthew 6:33). They were to enter the kingdom by receiving the King, and the King would, in turn, provide them with the righteousness that was required to enter the kingdom.

The Centurion's Servant Healed

Summer of 30 A.D.
Jesus now proceeded to Capernaum and a centurion came to Him asking that He heal his servant, who was suffering with palsy.(Palsy is a medical term which refers to various types of paralysis, often accompanied by loss of feeling, and often uncontrolled body movements.) A centurion is a Roman officer who has charge over one hundred soldiers. Jesus said He would go, but the centurion said that he wasn't worthy that the Lord should even come under his roof, but He could just speak the word and his servant would be healed. Matthew 8:5-9; Luke 7:1-8. Jesus then marveled at the centurion's faith, and said He had found no greater faith in Israel.

Jesus was amazed at the faith of this Gentile Centurion, who had more faith than His own people. Jesus then commended the Centurion's faith, and condemned the Israelites for their unbelief. Jesus said that many (referring to Gentiles) would come from the east and west and sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom. This shows that even though Jesus came to the Israelites, Gentiles will be a part of the kingdom. Gentiles are all the nations except Israel. Then He added, but the children of the kingdom, those who rejected the King, will be cast out into outer darkness, away from the presence of God, Matthew 8:11-12.

Jesus then told the centurion to go back home, and the healing would be done for him just as he believed. The centurion's servant was healed the same hour, Matthew 8:13; Luke 7:9-10. This was a second long distant healing, one in which Jesus had not seen, nor touched, the servant that was sick, but healed them by speaking the word.

Widows Son Restored to Life at Nain

Summer of 30 A.D.
The day afterward, Jesus went to the city of Nain,and His disciples, as well as many people went with Him. At the gate of the city there was a dead man being carried out. He was the only son of a widow who was walking alongside the body that was being carried, along with a number of other people from the city. Jesus saw all this, and He came near them, and they stopped and stood still. He spoke to the widow's son, and told him to get up. The dead son sat up and began to speak, then Jesus gave him back to his mother alive. There came a fear on all that were there, and they glorified God, Luke 7:11-17.

John the Baptist

Summer of 30 A.D.
John the Baptist had been imprisoned for preaching against one of the leaders in the area, Herod Antipas, who had convinced his brother's wife to leave her huband and marry him, and John had been in prison for about a year now. He sent two of his disciples to question Jesus, to see if He was really the Messiah. When they arrived, Jesus told them to go back to John and tell him what they had heard. The blind had received their sight, the lame walked, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them, Matthew 11:2-6; Luke 7:19-23. These were proof that Jesus was God, the Messiah that the prophets of the Old Testament had prophesied would come, Isaiah 29:18-19; 35:5-6; 61:1.

Anointing of Jesus' Feet

Summer of 30 A.D.
An unbelieving Pharisee came to Jesus and wanted Him to come and have a meal at his house. When Jesus had sat down to eat with him, a woman, who was a sinner, came into the house and washed the feet of Jesus. The Pharisee thought to himself that, if Jesus allowed this unclean woman to touch Him, then He wasn't a prophet, nor the Messiah. According to the Pharisees interpretation of the law, this would make Him ceremonially unclean, Luke 7:36-39.

Then, because of her faith, Jesus told the woman that her sins were forgiven. This brought up a problem for the Pharisees again, with the question of who could forgive sins but God. Therefore, the Pharisees present at the dinner would not accept Jesus as God, and rejected Him. They thought He should act according to their idea of righteousness, Luke 7:40-50.

The Third Galilean Tour

Summer of 30 A.D.
Afterward, Jesus and His twelve disciples went throughout every city and village, preaching the good news of the kingdom of God, Luke 8:1. Jesus is preparing His disciples for their future ministry, and the following spring He sent them out into Galilee again, two by two.

During this third Galilean tour there were many healed of evil spirits and infirmities. Seven devils were sent out of Mary, called Magdalene, probably because she was from a city named Magdala, and many others were healed, Luke 8:2-3.

Demon Possessed Blind and Dumb Man Healed

Summer of 30 A.D.
Next, they brought one to Jesus who was possessed by a devil, blind, and to speak, and Jesus healed him. The people were amazed, but the Pharisees said He cast out devils by the power of Beelzebub, the prince of the devils, Matthew 12:22-24; Mark 3:20-23.

Jesus then began to question them in return. He said that, if they were right, then was it Satan that was casting out Satan? If so, then Satan was divided against himself. And since some of the scribes' own sons had cast out demons, He asked them another question, "By whom do your sons cast out demons?" Then Jesus said that if He had cast out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God had indeed come to them, Matthew 12:25-28; Luke 3:23-26. This was the proof of who He was and His ministry. The scribes and Pharisees asked for a sign from Jesus, but He told them they would not receive a sign other than that of Jonah, referring to His own death, burial, and resurrection.Back in the Old Testament, the prophet Jonah spent three days and three nights in the belly of a large sea creature, perhaps a whale, so Jesus was giving them a point of reference.

Still, the religious leaders of Israel rejected Him as the Messiah, and this was a turning point in His ministry.

His Rejection by Friends and Family

Summer of 30 A.D.
Jesus had been preaching for almost two years now that the kingdom of God was at hand, and was rejected by many. Up to this time there were those who thought Jesus was a liar. Others, including friends and family, thought that He was insane, Mark 3:21. Others, which included the common people, publicans, who were tax collectors, harlots, and the centurion believed, and recognized, that Jesus was the Messiah . Jesus said the lawyers and Pharisees that rejected Him were behaving like children who were determined not to be pleased, Luke 7:30-34.

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The Kingdom of Heaven Parables

Fall-Winter of 30 A.D.
The religious leaders of Israel had now rejected Jesus as King and Messiah. Most of His ministry would now be done outdoors, and, as a method of teaching, He used a series of parables. His disciples questioned His use of the parables and He gave three reasons for using them. He used them to reveal the truth, to hide the truth, and to fulfill prophecy, Matthew 13:10-16; Isaiah 6:9-10. Parables illustrate a doctrine, or principle, and cannot be understood if one does not already understand the doctrine or principle

.

Parables can be used to illustrate the truth of scripture, and we want to see the primary meaning of the parables. If we lose sight of the primary meaning we may not understand what Jesus is teaching and go off into error. The parables then must be seen in their context to the kingdom, and not to the church. Their primary application is to the kingdom of God and Israel. The parables cover a time from the rejection of Jesus to His second coming, when Israel will accept Jesus as their Messiah.The parables can be used to illustrate many things, but in this article we will not address anything other than the primary meanings. We can make many applications of the kingdom of heaven parables but their primary application is to the kingdom of God and Israel. The parables cover a time from the rejection of Jesus to His second coming when Israel will accept Jesus as their Messiah.

The New Testament mentions the word 'mystery' which is not something mysterious, but is something that was not revealed up to this time. Jesus explains this in Matthew 13:35. The kingdom itself was not a mystery, it was revealed in detail in the Old Testament.

What wasn't known in the Old Testament was that the kingdom would be rejected. Then there would be a delay, from the offering and rejection of the kingdom, to the setting up of the kingdom, and the Day of the Lord would bring in the kingdom. So, the parables are not talking about a mystery kingdom, nor a spiritual kingdom, but a delayed kingdom. Then, too, if we say the kingdom of heaven on earth is the church, we do not understand the truth of God's Word.

The Parable of the Sower

Fall-Winter of 30 A.D.
After Jesus gave the parable of the sower, He gave the interpretation of it, beginning in Matthew 13:19. Notice, the word that was sown was the word of the kingdom. He said the word would be received in different ways. Satan would catch away the word that was sown preventing some from responding. Some would receive it with joy, but when trouble or persecution comes they are offended. Others fail to believe because of the cares of this world. A minority of the people who hear the word of the kingdom would respond to it, Matthew 13:19-23.

The Parable of the Seed

Fall-Winter of 30 A.D.
Explaining the kingdom of God, Jesus said it is like a seed cast into the ground, Mark 4:26. Compare this to John the Baptist planting the seed of "the word of the kingdom." Once a seed is planted, from all outward appearance, may be dead, since it is hidden from us.

Jesus indicated that after a little time, the seed would spring up and grow. It will grow from a sprout and bring first the blade, then the ear, and then the full corn in the ear. It is then ready to harvest, Mark 4:27-29. Similarly, the seed of "the word of the kingdom" that John the Baptist planted didn't bring an immediate response, nor did it bring in the kingdom. However, with time, the kingdom would come forth and grow into a powerful kingdom that would control all kingdoms of the earth, the millennial kingdom of Christ.

The Parable of the Tares

Fall-Winter of 30 A.D.
The parable of the tares can be seen in Matthew 13:24-30. However, the Lord has also interpreted this parable in Matthew 13:36-43. In His interpretation, we see that Jesus Himself is the sower of the good seed, which are the sons of the kingdom. It is the wicked one, Satan, who sows the the tares, which are the children of the wicked one. There will come a time of judgment before the kingdom is set up, and that can be seen in the short study of the Judgment of the Nations.

The Parable of the Mustard Seed and the Leaven

Fall-Winter of 30 A.D.
This parable continues the teaching of the Parable of the Seed. It shows that the kingdom began in a small way, with the preaching of John the Baptist (Luke 16:16), will eventually become the kingdom of God, with Christ as the King in the millennial kingdom, Matthew 13:31-32.

Then He told them that the kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal (one measure is equal to 8 dry quarts, or 537.6 cubic inches 8.810 litres)", till the whole amount was leavened, Matthew 13:33. As it takes time for the leaven to work in the dough, it takes time from the time the kingdom is announced until it is finally set up. Leaven here can not mean evil or sin, as some teach. Leaven is not always used as sin or evil. If leaven was sin or evil, the kingdom would be entirely evil and sinful, and we know that won't happen. Leaven here simply means a growth until the kingdom is set up.

As we look at Daniel 2:35, we see this same picture. The stone that smote the image became a great mountain (kingdom), and filled the whole earth. The coming of Jesus Christ, who is the stone,will be to judge His enemies and establish His Kingdom, and it shall stand forever.

The Pearl of Great Price

Fall-Winter of 30 A.D.

In this parable, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant, seeking goodly pearls. When he found them he sold all he had and bought them. This man was seeking pearls, and when he heard the word of the kingdom he realized how valuable it was and sold all he had, Matthew 13:45-46. This value is hidden from those who do not believe, 2 Corinthians 4:3-4.

The Parable of the Net

Fall-Winter of 30 A.D.
This parable is a story about some fishermen and a fisherman's net that gathers out of the sea all kinds of fish, both good and bad, small and great. The fishermen cast the net over the side of the boat and drag it on the bottom where it gathers all kinds of fish. They take it ashore and sort the fish, keeping the good and getting rid of the bad, Matthew 13:47-48.

To get a picture of this we can see the net as the preaching of the Gospel of the kingdom drawing men to God. The sea would be like the world in which man lives, full of sin, error, wickedness. In the end of the age all men are drawn out of this world and will be judged, the true Christians being kept and taken to heaven, with those who did no accept Christ being cast into hell. This judgment at the end of the age is explained in our article on the Judgment of the Nations.

The Parable of the Householder

Fall-Winter of 30 A.D.
A scribe who is a disciple of the kingdom and a student of Scriptures, will bring both old things, or prophecies, about the kingdom, and add them to the new things now revealed, Matthew 13:51-52. In all these parables we have seen the prophecy of a kingdom, and in these parables we see a new thing that is added that the Old Testament prophets didn't see, and that is because of the rejection of the King, there will be a delay in the setting up of the kingdom.

This present time on earth is a preparation for the kingdom and Jesus Christ is sowing seed, preparing sons of the kingdom for His future kingdom, Matthew 13:37-38. Even so, Satan is still allowed to develop evil in this present world, Matthew 13-38-39. God will eventually separate the good from the bad at the end of the world (age), Matthew 13:41-43; 13:49. This is similar to the Parable of the Net and the judgment at the end of the age, The Judgment of the Nations.

Summary of the Kingdom of Heaven Parables

These parables tell us of what the kingdom of heaven is like, not the church, since the church is not in existence at this time. The disciples needed to understand that Jesus would be mostly rejected, then He could tell them about His coming death, burial, and resurrection. He could then tell them about the calling out of a people to form His church and His second coming. So what do each of these parables tell us about the kingdom of heaven?

The parable of the sower shows us that the kingdom of heaven was preached and accepted by only a few.

The parable of the tares shows us that the enemy will work till the end, and then there will be a time of judgment.

The parable of the mustard seed and leaven show us that the kingdom will get off to a slow start, with most rejecting it. After a time, many will accept the kingdom teaching and it will become the mighty kingdom of God, in the millennial reign of Christ.

The parable of the hidden treasure and the pearl of great price show us how valuable it is to the one who accepts it and understands it.

The parable of the net tells us judgment will come at the end of the world.

The Stilling of the Tempest on the Sea

Fall-Winter of 30 A.D. When Jesus made the decision to go to the other side of the sea, there came a great storm. The waves beat against the sides of the ship, and splashed over into the ship, so much that is was nearly ready to sink. Jesus was asleep, and when they woke Him they told Him they were about to perish. Jesus arose and rebuked the wind, the wind ceased, and there was calm. The men on board the ship were amazed. They marveled because the winds and the sea obeyed Him. Only God can control the wind and sea by speaking words, Matthew 8:23-27; Luke 8-22-25; Mark 4:35-41.

Demon Possessed Man and the Swine

Fall-Winter of 30 A.D.
When Jesus arrived at the other side of the Sea of Galilee, there was a demon possessed man that met Him. He came from the tombs and he had an unclean spirit so that no man could bind him, not even with chains. He was always in the mountains and tombs, crying and cutting himself with stone, Mark 5:1; Matthew 8:28; Luke 8:26-27.

We can learn several things from this incident. First, the demon recognized Jesus as the Son of God. Next, we see that the demon was aware of his coming torment in the lake of fire, Matthew 8:29; 25:41; Luke 8:28; Mark 5:7.

We can also see demons can cause a possessed person to have great strength to do evil and unnatural things, Mark 5:3-5; Luke 8:27-29. More than one demon can possess a man, and in this case there were many, Luke 8:30; mark 5:9.

When Jesus ask them to come out, they wanted to be cast out into the body of the nearby swine. If they can't inhabit mankind, they have the desire to inhabit animals, Matthew 8:30-32; Mark 5:8-13; Luke 8:31-33.

The man who had the demonic spirits was then told to go to his own home, to his friends, and tell them what the Lord had done for him. The with leprosy, who was healed earlier in the ministry of Jesus, and told to go to the priests, disobeyed Jesus but this, formerly demon possessed man, obeyed the Lord. When everyone heard what happened, they marveled, but the local people asked the Lord to leave. The owners of the swine valued their swine more than the healing of the demon possessed man. Jesus and His disciples then left and returned to Capernaum, Mark 5:19-21.

Miracles Performed in Capernaum

Winter of 30 A.D.
When Jesus arrived in Capernaum, one of the rulers, Jairus, came to Him and asked Him to heal his daugher. He said that she is near death, and if Jesus would come and lay His hand on her she would live, Matthew 9:18; Mark 5:21-23; Luke 8:40-42.

As Jesus went, there was a great number of people that followed Him. One was a woman who had an issue of blood for twelve years, and though scripture does not tell us what the ailment was, evidently her condition grew worse. She had heard of Jesus, and thought if she could just touch His garment she would be healed. When she managed to get close enough, she touched the border of His garment and she was instantly healed. Jesus now wanted to know who had touched Him, and why. Finally, the woman fell down before Him and told Him it was her, and how that when she touched His garment, she was immediately healed. Jesus told her to be of good comfort, for her faith has made her whole. Not the touching of His garment,*** but her faith was what made her whole, Luke 8:43-48; Mark 5:23-34; Matthew 9:20-22.

Then there came a man from the ruler of the synagogue's house, and he said your daughter is dead, why bother the Master any further. Jesus told the ruler of the synagogue, whose name was Jairus, to not be afraid, only believe, and his daughter would be made whole, Mark 5:35-36; Luke 8:49-50. When Jesus came to Jairus' house, the people were upset because Jairus' daughter had died. Jesus told them that she wasn't dead, but was only sleeping. The people laughed at Him, but Jesus went in and took her by the hand, and Jairus' daughter arose. They were all astonished, Mark 5:39-42; Luke 8:51-56; Matthew 9:23-26. This was the second time Jesus had restored someone to life.

As He left Jairus' house, there were two blind men who called out to Him to have mercy on them, calling Jesus the Son of David. Thus they acknowledged that Jesus was the Messiah that was to come, the King that would sit on David's throne and rule forever. Jesus said to them, "According to your faith be it done to you." Their eyes were opened, and though Jesus asked them not to spread this abroad, they disobeyed, Matthew 9:27-31.

As Jesus was going out they brought a man who was unable to speak , and possessed with a devil, to Jesus. Jesus freed him from the demon, and the multitude marveled. However, it is important to note that the religious leaders of Israel, the Pharisees, still rejected Jesus and said He cast out the devils by the prince of devils, Matthew 9:32-34.

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Second Rejection of Jesus at Nazareth

Winter - Spring of 31 A.D.
From Capernaum Jesus and the disciples went to His hometown, Nazareth, Mark 6:1. He taught in their synagogue and they were astonished, and questioned the works that He had done. This was His second rejection as the Messiah. Jesus said to them, "A prophet is not without honour, but in his own country, and among his own kin, and in his own house", Mark 6:2-5. Jesus marveled because of their unbelief and went about the villages teaching, Mark 6:6.

Jesus Sends the Apostles into Galilee

Winter - Spring of 31 A.D.
This is the fourth Galilean tour. Jesus is now ready to send the disciples out and gives them power and authority over all demons, all manner of sickness, disease, and death. They were sent to preach repentance and the kingdom of God, Matthew 10:1; 10:7-8; Luke 9:1-2; Mark 6:7; 6:12. As the disciples went, they were not to take provisions with them, God would supply their needs through the people they ministered to, Matthew 10:9-10; Mark 6:8-9; Luke 9:3. Jesus told them not to go to the Gentiles, nor the Samaritans, but only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. The kingdom was being offered to Israel, Matthew 10:5-6. When the disciples left, Jesus went into the cities to preach.

John the Baptist and His Death

Winter - Spring of 31 A.D. John told Herod, the local ruler, or governor, that he should not be living with his brother's wife, Herodias. Herodias was the wife of Hedrod's brother, Philip. John had been imprisoned in Machaerus for nearly two years now, for Herodias' sake. Herod would have already put John to death but he feared the people, who counted John as a prophet. Herodias, however, tricked him into making an oath, and Herod had to put John to death to fulfill the oath. John was beheaded in prison, and his head was brought and given to Herodias. The disciples came and took the body and buried it, Matthew 14:3-12.

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Feeding of Five Thousand

Summer of 31 A.D.
When the disciples returned from their missionary journey, they told Jesus all that had happened. Jesus took them to a desert place for a time of rest and when the people learned of it, they followed Him. He preached the the kingdom of God, and healed those in need, Matthew 14:13-14; Luke 9:10-11; Mark 6:30-34.

When it was evening, the disciples asked Jesus to send the people away so they could into the villages and buy food. Jesus told the disciples to give to the people some food to eat. There were five thousand men, not including the women and children, fed with five loaves and two fishes. It is estimated that there may have been as many as 15,000 - 20,000 people fed that day.

Walking on Water
Jesus Walking on the Water

Summer of 31 A.D.
After the feeding of the multitude, Jesus commanded His disciples to get into a ship and go to the other side of the Sea of Galilee, to the city of Bethsaida. He sent the multitude of people away, and went to a mountain to pray, Mark 6:45-46.

When evening came, the ship was in the midst of the sea and Jesus was alone on the land. The disciples were having a difficult time rowing because of the wind. Jesus came towards them, walking on the sea, and would have passed them by, but the called out to Him. Peter stepped out of the ship at Jesus'request, and walked on the water to go to Jesus, but when he took his eyes off Jesus, he was afraid and began to sink. Jesus reached forward and caught him before he went under, much the same way He does for us. When they came into the ship, the wind stopped, Matthew 14:24-32. Jesus did not promise our lives would be trouble free, even if we obeyed Him. Notice that the disciples ran into trouble on the sea, while they were following the commands of Jesus. Jesus promised to never leave us, nor forsake us, but we need to ask Him to help when we have needs, even though He knows our needs.

Jesus, The Bread of Life

Summer of 31 A.D.
The following day, the people came looking for Jesus and couldn't find Him. They finally found Him on the other side of the sea, and asked Him when He got there. Jesus told them that they did not seek Him because they saw the miracles, but because they ate and were filled, John 6:22-26.

Jesus told them to not labor for the meat that perishes, but for the meat that endures to everlasting life, that which the Son of man shall give to you, John 6:27. Answering their questions, Jesus continued to explain that the manna that the Israelites had in the wilderness was from Moses, but the bread from heaven is from His Father, who gives the true bread from heaven. This bread from heaven, Jesus Christ, gives life to the world, John 6:31-33.

Jesus said that He was the bread of life and the source of living water, and those that come to Him will never hunger and those that believe on Him will never thirst. He told them that they have seen Him and yet do not believe. He continued, saying that He was sent down from heaven, not to do His own will but to do the will of His Father, who sent Him, John 6:35-38. Jesus informed them that who ever eats of the bread that came down from heaven will live forever, John 6:58. Jesus knew the thoughts of those who were murmuring, and let them know that He knew there were some of them that didn't believe Him. Many of His disciples left Him then, and walked with Him no more, John 6:61-66.

Eating with Unwashed Hands

Summer 31 A.D.
Ceremonial hand washing was an unwritten oral law that was a strong tradition with the scribes and Pharisees. The scribes and Pharisees came to Jesus, complaining, because the disciples did not wash their hand before they ate bread, Matthew 15:1-2; Mark 7:1-5. Jesus pointed out that they were the ones who were hypocrites, since their traditions actually caused them to break the law, Matthew 15:3-9; Mark 7:6-13. Jesus reminded them that it is the evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, and blasphemies that proceed out of the heart----these are the things that defile a man, but to eat with unwashed hands does not defile a man, Matthew 15:18-20; Mark 7:14-15.

Syro-phoenician's Daughter Healed

Summer 31 A.D.
Then Jesus went to the coastlands of Tyre and Sidon. A woman of Canaan came to Him, addressing Him as the Son of David, and asked Him to heal her daughter,*** who was possessed by a demon. Jesus replied that He was not sent to the Gentiles, but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel, Matthew 15:20-24; Mark 7:24-25. The title "Son of David" is the title of the promised King of Israel, but Jesus had not come at this time to be king of the Pheonicians. When the woman came and worshipped Jesus, He said her faith was great and told her to go her way, and her daughter was freed from the demon that very hour, Matthew 15:25-28; Mark 7:26-30. This was the third time that Jesus had healed someone without being in their presence.

Deaf Man Healed

Summer 31 A.D.
Jesus returned to Galilee, through the coasts of Decapolis, and on the way, there was a man brought to Him that was deaf, and with an impediment in his speech. They asked Jesus to put His hand on him. Jesus took him aside and put his fingers into his ears, and he spit, and touched his tongue, looked to heaven, sighed and said to him, be opened. His ears were opened, and he could now speak plainly, Matthew 15:29-31; Mark 7:31-35.

Feeding of Four Thousand

Summer 31 A.D.
Jesus then went near the sea of Galilee and went up on a mountain. A great number of people came to Him, and brought many that were lame, blind, unable to speak, maimed and many other things, and Jesus healed them, Matthew 15:29-30. This group had been with Jesus for three days now, without food, and Jesus did not want to send them away hungry. So this time He fed another multitude, consisting of about four thousand men, plus all the women and children, with seven loaves of bread and a few fish, Matthew 15:32-38; Mark 8:2-9.

Pharisees and Sadducees Seek a Sign

Summer 31 A.D.
Jesus now took a ship and came to the coasts of Magdala. Then the Pharisees and Sadducees came, tempting Him, desiring that He would show them a sign from heaven. Jesus told them that a wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and that no sign would be given to them but the sign of the prophet Jonah, Matthew 15:39-16:4; Mark 8:10-12. This was referring to the fact that Jesus would be in the grave for three days and three nights, the same as Jonah was in the belly of the whale, Matthew 12:40. Neither the Pharisees nor the Sadducees understood what He meant.

A Blind Man Healed

Summer 31 A.D.
Jesus left in the ship again and departed to the other side, the coast of Bethsaida. While on the ship Jesus warned His disciples of the leaven, or false teaching, of the Pharisees and the Sadducees, Matthew 16:5-12; Mark 8:13-21.

When Jesus and the disciples finally landed at Bethsaida, the people brought a blind man to Jesus and asked Him to touch him. Jesus then led him out of town, touched the man's eyes, and healed him, Mark 8:22-26.

Rejection of Jesus

Summer 31 A.D.
After Jesus had sent the blind man away He went out with His disciples into the towns of Caesarea Philippi. While on the way He asked the disciples, whom He had sent on a tour of Galilee, who the people were saying that He was., Mark 8:27. The disciples answered and said some say John the Baptist, some say Elijah and other say one of the old prophets had risen again., Mark 8:28. The people had once again rejected Jesus as their Messiah, Matthew 16:13-16; Mark 8:27-29; Luke 9:18-20.So Jesus asked the disciples, "Whom say ye that I am?" Peter answered, "The Christ of God."

The Future Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ

Summer 31 A.D.
It is now that Jesus began to teach His disciples that the Son of man, Jesus Christ Himself, would suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, then after three days, would rise from the dead . Peter had stated in Luke 9:18-21 that Jesus was the Son of God, now Peter began to rebuke Him about this. Jesus then rebuked Peter, because he was being used as Satan's mouthpiece, in trying to subvert God's perfect plan, Mark 8:31-33; Matthew 16:21-23.

Transfiguration

Summer 31 A.D.
After about six days, Jesus took three of His disciples, Peter, James, and John to a high mountain, most likely Mt. Hermon, to pray. Jesus was then transfigured,or transformed, before them. They were able to see Him in His glorified state. The Bible says that His face shone as the sun, and his clothing became white as snow. While they stood there, no doubt in awe, Moses and Elijah appeared and began talking with Jesus, and they spoke of His coming death at Jerusalem, Matthew 17:1-3; Mark 9:2-4; Luke 9:28-31.

The disciples were told, in Matthew 17:9 and Mark 9:9, not to tell anyone about what they had seen on the mountain, till the Son of man had risen from the dead. Peter had an occasion to mention this event to us later, in 2 Peter 1:16-18.

His disciples then asked Jesus why the scribes say that Elijah must come before the resurrection of Jesus. Jesus said Elijah had already come, yet they did not know him, and had done whatever they desired to him. Jesus said they would also do the same with the Son of man, who would suffer because of them. It was then that the disciples understood that He was talking of John the Baptist,that he had come in the spirit and power of Elijah Matthew 17:10-13; Mark 9:10-13.

Demon Possessed Boy

Summer 31 A.D.
The next day, when Jesus and the three disciples came down from the mountain, they were met by a great number of people. A man came to Jesus and asked Him to heal his demon possessed son. He told Jesus he had brought him to His disciples, but they could not cure him. Jesus informed the crowd that it was their lack of faith that had prevented them from being able to heal the son. Jesus then rebuked the demon, and the demon came out of him, and Jesus healed the child, Matthew 17:14-18; Mark 9:14-19; Luke 9:37-43.

The disciples then came to Jesus privately and wanted to know why they couldn't cast out the demon. Jesus told them because of their unbelief. He told them if they had the faith of a grain of mustard seed, nothing would be impossible for them. This would, of course, refer to anything that is in the will of God. But this kind of miracle, Jesus said, doesn't go out without prayer and fasting, Matthew 17:19-21.

Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection

Summer 31 A.D.
While in Galilee, Jesus told the disciples that He, the Son of Man, is about to be delivered into the hands of men. He would be killed, and the third day, be raised from the dead. The disciples didn't understand, but were afraid to ask Him what He meant, Matthew 17:22-23; Mark 9:30-32; Luke 9:43-45.

Understanding the Attitude of Jesus

Summer 31 A.D.
When Jesus and the disciples came to Capernaum, those that collect the tribute money came to Peter and asked if his master was going to pay the tribute. Tribute money was a tax to support the temple, Matthew 17:24. Jesus didn't have to pay the tribute, because He was, after all, the God of the temple. However, to avoid offending them, Jesus told Peter to go to the sea to throw out a hook and the first fish that he caught would have a coin in its mouth. Peter was then to give the money as tribute for himself and Jesus, Matthew 17:25-27. This is a good example showing that Christians should give up some of their privileges, when necessary, to avoid offending others.

Then the disciples came to Jesus and asked "Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?", Matthew 18:1. To teach them humility, Jesus called a little child to Himself, and set him in the midst of them.. He then told the disciples, "Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven", Matthew 18:1- 6; Luke 9:46-48.

The disciples next saw a man who was casting out devils in Jesus' name and stopped him. Jesus told them not to stop him, because one who does a miracle in His name is not against Him but is for Him, Luke 9:38-40. Jesus continues to give another example about offending other believers. He describes the severe punishment of those who offend, Luke 9:41-42.

In Matthew 18:15-35 Jesus teaches the disciples that one brother should forgive another. Jesus told Peter that he was to forgive one who sinned against him seventy times seven, or as many times as needed, and describes our relationship to one another as Christians.

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The Feast of Tabernacles

Fall - Winter of 31 A.D.
Because the Jews sought to kill Jesus, He traveled through Galilee to avoid them. The Jewish Feast of Tabernacles was at hand in Jerusalem, John 7:1-2. The feast of tabernacles , or ingathering, was a time of harvest, when they harvested the grapes and olives, specifically, and occurred from the 15th-21st of their month, Tishri, which, as you know , occurs sometime in Sept. - Oct. The grains were harvested between April and June. It is also known as the Feast of Booths, and does, in fact, commemorate the exodus of the Jewish people from Egypt. You might also point out that even today the Jewish people celebrate this feast by building these booths, or shanties, and spend time and eat meals in them.

Jesus and some of his followers then went up to Jerusalem, quietly, to observe Passover and the Feast. For the first three days Jesus managed to avoid those who sought His life. Then, in the middle of the feast, Jesus went up to the temple and taught, John 7:14. The chief priests and Pharisees rejected Him and sent officers to arrest Him, but the hand of God the Father prevented it because it was not yet the right time. However, some of the people believed Jesus and His teaching, John 7:30-32. The feast of tabernacles , or ingathering, was a time of harvest, when they harvested the grapes and olives, specifically, and occurred from the 15th-21st of their month, Tishri, which occurs sometime in Sept. - Oct. The grains were harvested between April and June. It is also known as the Feast of Booths, and does, in fact, commemorate the exodus of the Jewish people from Egypt. Even today the Jewish people celebrate this feast by building these booths, or shanties, and spend time and eat meals in them.

On the last day of the feast Jesus stood up and said, "If any man thirst, let him come unto Me, and drink.", John 7:37. This is still an invitation to us today, whereby we can claim the promises of Christ for our own. Then He said, he that believes on me, as the scripture has said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water, John 7:38. So the one who comes, drinks, and trusts (believes) in Christ, will be filled by the Holy Spirit. Some believed, and some did not, so there was a division among the people, John 7:43.

The Adulterous Woman

Fall - Winter of 31 A.D.
Early in the morning, He went to the temple and taught again. The scribes and Pharisees brought a woman taken in adultery and set her in their midst, then asked Jesus what they should do with her, John 8:2-3. In the Old Testament, those who had committed adultery, both man and woman, were to be stoned to death. If Jesus had told them to stone her according to the law of Moses the Romans might be upset because they reserved the right of the death penalty for themselves, John 8:4-6. We note, too, that they did not bring the man.

Where the law permits stoning, the witnesses to the sin are to cast the first stone. However, only those who were not guilty of the same sin, could participate. So, Jesus then said to them, "He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her." They were convicted by their own consciences, and left one by one, beginning with the eldest to the last. He told the woman that He didn't condemn her, and for her to go and sin no more, John 8:11.

Jesus The Light of The World

Fall - Winter of 31 A.D.
All the world was plunged into darkness when Adam sinned. Jesus said in John 8:12 that He is the light of the world and those that follow Him, those that walk in the light, will not walk in darkness but shall have the light of life. For those that reject Jesus, those that walk in darkness, will die in their sins and it will be by their own choice, John 8:24; John 8:12-59.

Man Born Blind Healed

Fall - Winter of 31 A.D.
When Jesus left the temple, He saw a man who had been blind from birth. Jesus healed the blind man and the healing was on the Sabbath, and this made the Pharisees very angry. The Pharisees then went to the parents of the blind man and they confirmed that the man had been blind from birth. The blind man first recognized Jesus as an ordinary man, then as a prophet. Later he would recognize Jesus as the Son of God and worship Him. The Pharisees threw the man who had been blind out of the temple, John 9:1-41.

The Good Shepherd

Fall - Winter of 31 A.D.
Jesus is the good shepherd that gives life to His sheep. He is the only true Shepherd, all others are false. Jesus is the only way to come to God, there is no other way, John 10:1-2. So Jesus is the way to salvation, sanctification and peace with God, John 10:3-10. The good Shepherd provides pasture and safety for His sheep and gives His life for the sheep. Jesus taught that He was going to lay down His life for His flock, and then come to life again. Jesus said that no man takes His life from Him but He will lay it down. He has the power to lay it down and the power to take it up again. These teachings of Jesus made the Pharisees even more hostile toward Him.

Jesus Sends Seventy Others

Fall - Winter of 31 A.D.
Jesus appoints seventy other followers and sent them in pairs into every city and place where He was to go, Luke 10:1. They were to proclaim the kingdom of God, Luke 10:9. Most of these went to Judea because this was the area where Jesus was about to go.

The seventy returned with joy, telling Jesus that even the devils are subject to them in His name. Jesus told them He had given them authority to tread upon serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and that nothing would harm them. Then He told them to not rejoice because the spirits are subject to them, but to rejoice because their names are written in heaven, Luke 10: 1-24.

Parable of the Good Samaritan

Fall - Winter of 31 A.D.
A lawyer tempted Jesus by asking Him what he should do to inherit eternal life, Luke 10:25. Jesus answered by asking a question --by asking him what the law said, and how he interpreted it. The lawyer then replied that, "You shall love the Lord thy God with all your heart, soul, strength, mind and love your neighbor as yourself", . Jesus said that was right, and for him to do likewise and he would live. The lawyer then asked, Who is my neighbor? Jesus proceeded to tell him a story about a good Samaritan. A man was robbed and left half dead. When one of the priests came along, he passed him by. Next, a Levite also passed him by. Then along came a Samaritan man, (Samaritans were despised by the Jews), who not only helped the man, but took him to an inn and paid for his care. At this point Jesus asked the lawyer which of these three proved to be a neighbor. The lawyer said the one that showed mercy. Jesus then told him to go and do likewise, Luke 10:25-37.

Jesus Guest of Mary and Martha

Fall - Winter of 31 A.D.
Jesus then went to Bethany, near Jerusalem, and visits the sisters Martha and Mary. Mary sat and worshiped at the feet of Jesus, while Martha was kept busy serving the refreshments. Mary then came to Jesus and wanted to know if He cared that her sister, Mary,had left her to serve alone. Jesus did not condemn Martha for asking, yet He also did not chastise Mary, either. He focused Martha's attention on what is really important, learning about God and worshiping Him, and that if we keep our focus on God, we will not feel so overburdened,, Luke 10:38-42.

Disciples Taught to Pray

Fall - Winter of 31 A.D.
When the disciples observed the prayer life of Jesus, they desired to learn to pray. Jesus gave a short version of the Lord's prayer from, Luke 11:1-13. It is a model for us to follow --Submission to God as Lord, adoration of God, submission to God's will, requests for our needs and the needs of others, forgiveness , request for God's guidance in our lives, acknowledgement of God's ownership and rulership over all that exists.

Blasphemous Accusation of League with Beelzebub

Fall-Winter of 31 A.D.
When Jesus, once again, cast out a demon the Pharisees accused Him of casting out demons by evil powers. Jesus showed them that their thinking wasn't logical, Luke 11:14-16; Matthew 12:22-30; Mark 3:20-30.

He said that, if they were right, then was it Satan that was casting out Satan? If so, then Satan was divided against himself. Since some of the scribes' own sons had cast out demons, He asked them another question, "By whom do your sons cast out demons?" Then Jesus proclaimed openly that if He had cast out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God had indeed come to them, Matthew 12:25-28; Luke 3:23-26.

Jesus said, in an open rebuke, to them that those who were not on His side, were, in effect, against Him. Jesus also, and rather pointedly, stated that those who were not gathering souls with Him were causing them to be scattered, or lost. He basically slammed the established hierachy for not teaching the truth, Luke 11:23.

Eating with a Pharisee

Fall-Winter of 31 A.D.
A Pharisee asked Jesus to come to his house for a meal. Jesus went in and sat down to eat. His host seemed surprised that Jesus had not first washed before dinner, Luke 11:37-38. Washing before a meal was a custom the Pharisees had instituted, and while this is a sanitary practice, there was nothing written in the law that required it. Jesus then condemned the Pharisees who looked good on the outside, by being good and observing the law, but were inwardly dark and unclean. He pointed out examples of their hypocrisy. Jesus let them know that they had taken away the key knowledge of entering the kingdom of God and they, the Pharisees, had not entered in themselves, and had hindered those that were wanting to enter, Luke 11:39-52. After condemning the religious leaders, Jesus then warned the onlookers about imitating the Pharisees, about following their hypocrisy and covetousness, Luke 12:1-15.

Parables of Service

Fall-Winter of 31 A.D.
Jesus continued speaking to the crowd, and told them of the parable of the rich man. He told of the rich man who, after his harvest, didn't have enough room to store his harvest. So he decided to tear down his barns and built bigger ones. Then he could relax, drink, eat, and be merry, Luke 11:16-19. God called him a fool and told him that on this very same night he would die, and asked him who all this would belong to after he was dead. Those who lay up treasures only to benefit themselves here on earth, and are not generous towards God and His kingdom, are just as foolish as this rich man. Jesus said He would provide for us, and for us not to focus on what we shall eat or drink, because God the Father knows what we need. He told them, and us, to seek the kingdom of God, as our primary focus, and all those things would be provided to us, Luke 12:20-31.

Jesus then began to tell them a parable about a group of servants. The wise servants, those whom, when the Lord comes, He finds watching and doing what God had asked them to do, will be blessed. There were two other servants, one who did not know the will of God, and one who did. Since they were not serving God, they will both be punished, but the one who knew the will of God, and did not do it, will receive the greater punishment, Luke 12:37-39. Jesus tells us to be ready, for He will come at a time when we are not expecting Him, Luke 12:40.

Jesus also taught them many other things while He was there, Luke 12:41-13:9.

Crippled Woman Healed on the Sabbath

Fall-Winter of 31 A.D.
Jesus was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath, and there was a crippled woman there who had been crippled for 18 years and couldn't walk upright. Jesus, showing compassion for her, laid hands on her and healed her, Luke 13:10-13.

The ruler of the synagogue became very angry because Jesus had healed her on the Sabbath. Jesus directed his answer to the ruler, but asked the question of the whole crowd -- which one of them would not take his livestock to water, even on the Sabbath? Then Jesus pointed out that it was more important that this woman, whom Satan had afflicted for eighteen years, be healed, even on the Sabbath.

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Feast of Dedication

Winter of 31 A.D.
Jesus next went to Jerusalem, where it was time for the Feast of Dedication and since it was cold, Jesus walked on the sheltered side of the temple, to Solomon's porch. The Jews who were there gathered around Him and wanted to know if He was truly the Christ, John 10:22-24. Jesus told them that He had already told them and they didn't believe Him. He said the works that He had done in His Father's name bear witness of Him. He told them that they didn't believe because they were not His sheep but His sheep, hear His voice. They knew that sheep will only follow their own shepherd, so they understood what He was saying. He said, "I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.", John 10:25-30. The Jews then became angry and they proceeded to pick up stones to stone Him. They told Him they were stoning Him because He, being a man, made, or claimed, Himself to be God, John 10:31-33.

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Withdrawal from Jerusalem to Bethany

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
Because of the increasing hostility in Jerusalem, Jesus escaped from them and went beyond the Jordan River, to the place where John had where John began his ministry of baptism, John 10:40-42. This area was probably east and northeast of the Sea of Galilee.

Teaching Eternal Life

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
As Jesus went about traveling toward Jerusalem, teaching, He spoke of eternal life. He said that many people would seek to enter heaven unsuccessfully, more would be lost than saved, Luke 13:22-24. Many of the Gentiles, and some Jews, will be saved, through their faith in Jesus Christ, but many Jews, as well as Gentiles, will be lost, and spend eternity without God. When these unbelieving hypocrites see the Old Testament prophets in the kingdom of God, and they find themselves being cast out, there will be inconsolable grief and unrelenting torment, Luke 13:28-30.

Warning From Herod

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
That same day some Pharisees came to Jesus and advised Him to leave, because Herod would kill Him. Jesus told them to go tell Herod, calling him a fox, that He needed to travel that day, the next day, and the following day, because it could not be that a prophet should perish outside of Jerusalem. Nothing could prevent Jesus from His planned visit to Jerusalem, and He would go there on His own terms, Luke 13:31-33.

Jesus knew the people in Jerusalem had rejected Him, yet He wept for them, knowing they would eventually be judged for that rejection, Luke 13:34-35.

Healing Man with Dropsy on Sabbath

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
Jesus was invited to the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat on the Sabbath day, and there was a man there who had dropsy. Dropsy is an old name that today is known as Edema, this is a collection of fluid in the tissues of the skin. Jesus healed the man, while pointing out the hypocrisy of the Pharisees, who would rescue an animal that had fallen into a ditch on the Sabbath but would Him for helping this man, who was more important, Luke 14:1-6

Jesus continued His teaching while in Perea, teaching humility, Luke 14:l-11, telling about Israel's rejection of God and the call of the Gentiles, Luke 14:15-24, and that those who would be disciples should count the cost, Luke 14:25-35.

The Parables of the Lost

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
As everyone drew near Jesus to hear Him, the Pharisees and scribes complained because Jesus would sit with, and eat with sinners. So Jesus spoke to them in parables, Luke 15:1-3. He gave the parable of the lost sheep, Luke 15:3-7; Matthew 18:12-14, a parable of the lost coin, Luke 15:8-10, and a parable of the prodigal son, Luke 15:11-32. These parables are about going to the lost and those that have gone astray, to show them the truths of God, instead of the self righteous. Jesus is teaching them why He sat and ate with the sinners, Luke 5:32.

The Parable of Stewardship

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
To the disciples, Jesus gave the parable of the unjust steward. This parable shows that we are stewards of God. Everything we have belongs to God, and it is our responsibility, as His children, to use all His resources wisely, Luke 16:1-13. We are stewards of God's possessions and one day we will give an account for how we have used the things God shared with us.

The Rich Man and Lazarus

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
A contrast is drawn in this life of a rich man and Lazarus, a poor man. The rich man normally dressed in purple and fine linen, had a joyful lifestyle, and lived in splendor. Lazarus, on the other hand, was laid at the rich man's gate. Lazarus was covered with sores and longed to be fed with the crumbs from the rich man's table. Even the dogs came and licked his sores, Luke 16:19-21.

Then, Lazarus died and was carried away by the angels to Abraham's bosom. Abraham's bosom was the place of dead who are saved, it is also called "paradise", Luke 23:43. The rich man also died and was buried, and in hell he lifted up his eyes, being in torment. He saw Lazarus in paradise and cried, " Father Abraham have mercy on me, and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool his tongue, because he was tormented in the flames." Abraham replied, "Son, remember in your life you received the good things and Lazarus the evil things, but now he is comforted and you are tormented. And besides, there is a great gulf fixed between us so that we can't go from here to you, nor can anyone there come to this side." Luke 16:22-26. This refutes the idea of purgatory --whichever place you go to will be where you stay.

Then the rich man asked for Lazarus to be sent to his fathers house, where his five brothers lived, so he could tell them about this place, so they wouldn't go there when they died. Abraham told him that they have Moses and the prophets and to let them hear them. The rich man protested that if they heard from someone who came to them from the dead they would repent. Abraham responded that if they won't listen to Moses and the prophets, neither would they listen to one who came from the dead, Luke 16:27-31.

We can see from this that at death we will not be annihilated, but will be conscious. While we are alive in this world we have God's Word, the Holy Bible, and Moses and the prophets can speak to us through that, as well. Jesus Christ died, was buried, and rose again, to pay for our sins. He is the only way to heaven.

Raising Lazarus from the Dead

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
This is a different Lazarus from the one in the previous story. This Lazarus was the brother of Mary, the Mary that anointed the Lord with ointment and wiped His feet with her hair. When Her brother became sick, Mary and Martha sent for Jesus, telling Him the one He loved was sick, John 11:l-3.

When Jesus heard that Lazarus was sick, He said it wasn't meant to be for a permanent death, but for the glory of God. Jesus had been ministering in Perea and it was four days before He arrived in Bethany, where Lazarus was, John 11:4-6. When Jesus arrived, He was told that He had waited too long, that Lazarus was now dead. Jesus said, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believes in Me, though he were dead, yet shall he live And whosoever lives and believes in me shall never die. . . " Jesus asked where Lazarus was and they took Him to the tomb. Jesus had them take away the stone. Then Jesus called, "Lazarus, come forth." Lazarus then came out of the tomb bound hand and foot with grave clothes, and his face was bound with a napkin. Jesus told them to loose him, and let him go, John 11:7-44.

Plot to Kill Jesus

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
Some of the people that had seen Lazarus raised from the dead went to the Pharisees and told them what Jesus had done. The Pharisees gathered a council to decide what to do about Jesus. They knew that Jesus had performed many miracles and that if they let Him alone everyone would believe in Him. Then the Romans would come and take away their rights, freedoms, and positions in the nation of Israel and the nation also, John 11:45-48.

Then Caiaphas, who was the high priest that same year, said that it was expedient for them that one man should die for the people, that the whole nation would not perish. From that day on the Jews took council to put him to death. Jesus then went into an area near the wilderness, into a city called Ephraim, and there continued with the disciples, John 11:48-54. The leaders of Israel were plotting to keep their nation and rejecting the kingdom that God had promised them.

Ten Lepers Healed

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
On His way to Jerusalem Jesus was asked for help by ten lepers. He healed them from a distance. Jesus told them to show themselves to the priests, and on their way they were healed. Nine of these lepers were Jews, and if they had gone back and showed the priest they were healed, the priest could explain away one case of healing but certainly not nine, Luke 17:11-14.

Only the Samaritan came back and thanked Jesus for what He had done. This was typical of most of the leaders and Jewish people, they were willing to accept Him as one who could heal and feed them, but not willing to accept Him as the Messiah. The Samaritan and others outside the nation of Israel were responding to Jesus as the Messiah, Luke 17:15-19.

Pharisees Ask About the Kingdom

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
Next, the Pharisees demanded of Jesus to know when the kingdom of God would come. Jesus said that the kingdom of God does not come with outward show but the kingdom of God is within the midst of you, Luke 17:20-21. The kingdom of God was present within them, since the King was present and a group of citizens, represented by His disciples. Jesus will one day soon return with the Church to set up His kingdom on earth. In Mark 1:15 Jesus announced that the kingdom of God is at hand and this because the King was present. But, He continued in John 18:36, that His kingdom was not of this world.

The Rich Young Ruler

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
A wealthy ruler came to Jesus and wanted to know how to inherit eternal life. Jesus mentioned five commandments that involved man's relationship to man. The young ruler said that he had kept these from his youth up. The young ruler was then told to give all he had to the poor, and the young man then was sorrowful. The young ruler failed to recognize that all his good works and keeping the law would not get him into the kingdom of God. Jesus continued by telling him that riches hindered ones entrance into the kingdom of God. Many times riches distract one from the important things in life and away from their spiritual needs. This makes it difficult, but not impossible, for a rich man to be saved, Luke 18:18-30; Matthew 19:16-20:16; Mark 10:17-31.

Jesus Foretells Death and Resurrection

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
Jesus now proceeds to Jerusalem with His disciples, who were afraid. Jesus began to tell them of things that should happen to Him next. He told them that the Son of man, Jesus Himself, would be delivered to the chief priests and scribes. They would condemn Him to death and deliver Him to the Gentiles. They would mock Him, scourge Him, spit on Him, and kill Him, but on the third day He would rise again. These sayings were hidden from the disciples, they did not understand anything that was spoken at this time, Mark 10:32-34; Matthew 20:17-28; Luke 18:31-34.

Blind Bartimaeus Healed

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
As Jesus was leaving Jericho, He was with His disciples and a large number of people. He came upon Blind Bartimaeus. Blind Bartimaeus was sitting by the road begging and when he heard the commotion, and that it was Jesus passing by, he began to cry out calling him the Son of David, the King who would sit on David's throne forever, the Messiah. Jesus heard him and asked what he desired. Bartimaeus replied that he wanted his sight. Jesus told him to go his way his faith had made him whole, and he immediately received his sight and followed Jesus, Mark 10:46-52.

Conversion of Zacchaeus

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
Zacchaeus was a rich tax collector for the Roman government and a Pharisee would have nothing to do with such people. However, Jesus came to seek and to save that which was lost, Luke 19:10. Because he was small, Zacchaeus climbed a tree so he could see Jesus. Jesus looked up and saw him and told him to come down because today He would go to Zacchaeus' house, Luke 19:2-5. Those present murmured because Jesus was going to be guest at the house of a sinner. As a Roman tax collector, Zacchaeus and his fellow tax collectors routinely extracted more in taxes than was required by law, and pocketed the proceeds. Zacchaeus stood up and said that he would give half of what he owned to the poor and repay fourfold all he had wronged. This is similar to what Jesus had asked the rich young ruler to do in Luke 18:22. Jesus then said to him that today salvation has come to this house, Luke 19:6-10.

The Parable of Preparation

Winter-Spring of 32 A.D.
Jesus was now nearing the time of the cross so it was necessary that he soon go to Jerusalem. His disciples believed that the kingdom of God should immediately appear, and Jesus wanted to get rid of any disappointment they might have, so He spoke to them in a parable, Luke 19:11.

He told about a nobleman that went into a distant country to receive a kingdom and to return. This is a picture of Jesus. He had ten servants he gave ten pounds and told them to trade until he returned. When he returned he called them to account, and gave them rewards in his kingdom, according to their faithfulness while he was gone. Likewise, those who are faithful with what Jesus has given them, will be rewarded in His coming kingdom, Luke 19:12-27.

This parable can be used to teach a lot of things but the primary purpose of the parable was so the disciples could understand that the kingdom was not going to be set up at this time.

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The Second Anointing of Jesus

Saturday of the Final Week
Jesus now arrived in Bethany, six days before Passover, at the house where Lazarus had been dead and was raised to life again. As they shared a meal, Mary used expensive perfume to anoint Jesus' feet. Judas Iscariot was upset, because he could have stolen it for himself and said that it could have been given to the poor.. Jesus told him to let her alone because she was doing this in preparation for the day of His burying. In their culture, large sums of money were spent on funerals, including perfumes to cover the smell of the decaying body. Jesus left Bethany for Jerusalem. Matthew 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-9; John 11:55-12:8.

Two Disciples Get a Colt

Sunday of the Final Week
This begins the final week of the life of Jesus. As Jesus was nearing Jerusalem He came to Bethphage, and went to the mount of Olives. From here He sent two of His disciples ahead into Jerusalem to get a young donkey, a colt. A great number of people had come to the Feast of the Passover, and when they heard Jesus was coming, they took palm branches and went out to meet Him. Among these people were some who had seen Jesus raise Lazarus from the dead, and many others wanted to see the One who had raised Lazarus from the dead, Matthew 21:1-7; Mark 11:1-7; Luke 19:29-35; John 12:12-16.

The Triumphal Entry

Sunday of the Final Week
Zechariah prophesied, approximately 500 years earlier, that the King of Israel would come to Jerusalem, lowly, and riding upon a colt, Zechariah 9:9, Matthew 21:4-5. This prophecy was now being fulfilled as Jesus came into Jerusalem riding on a colt. The people were shouting "Hosanna", which means "Save, we pray." and they shouted Blessed be the kingdom of our father, David". The Pharisees became angry saying, that the whole world had gone after Him. Some of the Pharisees asked Jesus to rebuke His disciples for their loud praise and worship but Jesus told them if they were silent, the stones would immediately cry out, Matthew 21:8-9; Mark 11:8-10; Luke 19:36-40; John 12:17-19.

When Jesus came to Jerusalem all the city was shaken. The blind and the lame came to Him and were healed. The chief priests and scribes observed the healings and were indignant, Mark 11:11; Matthew 21:14-17. When evening came He went out with His disciples to Bethany.

Cursing of the Fig Tree

Monday of the Final Week
The next day, Jesus returned to Jerusalem, and on the way He came to a fig tree and looked to see if it had any fruit. He found nothing on the fig tree but leaves and cursed it by saying, "Let no fruit grow on this tree forever." Shortly the fig tree withered away. In the Old Testament the fig tree is symbolic of national Israel, Hosea 9:10. Israel had been given every opportunity but bore no spiritual fruit, and were rejecting their Messiah, Matthew 21:18-22; Mark 11:12-14.

The Second Cleansing of the Temple

Monday of the Final Week
The first cleansing of the temple was at the beginning of the ministry of Jesus, in the summer of 30 A.D.. Now, once again, Jesus entered the temple and cast out those that bought and sold animals and the things used for the sacrifices, overturned tables of the money changers and seats of those that sold doves. He told them they had made His house a den of thieves. The chief priests and scribes heard about this and sought how they might kill Him because they feared the people that listened to His teaching, Matthew 21:12-13; Mark 11:15-18.

Jesus Foretells His Coming Death

Monday of the Final Week
There now came some Greeks to the feast to worship, and they desired to talk with Jesus. Jesus told the Greeks what all mankind should hear, even today. Jesus used a grain of wheat to illustrate that it must be planted and die to produce more wheat. Jesus was telling them that He needed to die to produce the spiritual life for all those who believe in Him. Jesus was foretelling His death by saying that He must be lifted up, and that He will draw all men to Himself, signifying the type of death He would die, John 12:20-33.

The Authority of Jesus Questioned

Tuesday of the Final Week
As Jesus was teaching in the temple the chief priests and the elders of the people came to Him and asked Him by whose authority He performed miracles. Jesus responded that He would answer them if they would answer His question. He asked them if the authority of the baptism of John was from heaven or of men. They carefully considered His questions. If they would answer from heaven, they surmised that He would ask why then did they not believe Him. If they would answer that it was from men, then the people who held John the Baptist as a prophet would rise up against them. Since they refused to answer Him, Jesus refused to answer their question, Matthew 21:23-27.

Parables of Rejection

Tuesday of the Final Week
When the chief priests, scribes and the elders would not answer Jesus, He gave three parables, of what we call parables of rejection.

The first parable was that of two sons. The two sons pictured the Gentiles and the Israelis. One son, at first, refused to do what his father asked him to do. He then felt guilty about it, and finally did go and do what his father had asked him to do. The second son immediately agreed to go and do what his father asked, but then did not follow through to do it. The first son would be the Gentiles, who did not know God at first, but learned of their guilt before God, and repented , and went and did what the Father, God, asked. The second son would be the Jewish nation, who knew God, and followed Him in name only, Matthew 21:28-32.

The second parable is that of the vineyard. The landlord here is God and the vineyard is the nation of Israel, Isaiah 5:1-7; Matthew 21:33-34; Mark 12:1. The servants the nation of Israel mistreated are the prophets. Then finally the landlord, God, sent His Son but they killed Him. This prophecy would be fulfilled this week, the final week of the life of Jesus, Matthew 21:35-37; Mark 12:1-12; Luke 20:9-19.

The third, and last parable of rejection, is that of the marriage feast and the wedding garment. This is another parable of Israel's rejection of the Lord Jesus Christ. In Matthew 22:1 we see that God, represented here by the King, will make a marriage supper for His Son, Jesus Christ. The King's friends, the Jews, were invited, but refused to come, Matthew 22:1-7. He will invite Israel but many will reject the King, such as the scribes, Pharisees, the religious rulers, etc.. The wedding is ready, but Israel is not worthy. The King then sent His servants out to invite as many as they could find. This tells us that God bypassed Israel and called the Gentiles, these replacement guests represent the Gentiles. God invites all mankind so that they might be saved, including the Jew. There was one at the feast that did not have a proper garment. Since they had all been summoned from the highways and hedges,no one was expected to have had the proper garments, so the King had provided them all wedding garments. The fact that this person did not have a garment was an insult to the King, because his provision had been rejected. All that accept Jesus Christ will be provided with a proper garment. Those that try to attend the feast without accepting Jesus Christ will be cast out into outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Matthew 22:7-14.

This generation of Jews that rejected the Lord Jesus Christ will be judged. It should also be noted that the Bible doesn't teach that the kingdom will be given to the church or to the Gentiles, but to another generation of Jews, the generation of Jews that accept Jesus Christ at His second coming.

Attempt to Discredit Jesus

Tuesday of the Final Week
The chief priest and Pharisees finally understood, that these parables were talking about them. When they understood they became angry and would have taken Him into custody except they were afraid of the people. So they formed an alliance with the Herodians to trap Jesus.

They tried to discredit Jesus with a question about tribute to Caesar. The Pharisees and the Herodians asked Jesus, "Is it lawful for us to give tribute (or pay taxes) unto Caesar, or not?", Matthew 22:17. They knew if Jesus said no He would be in trouble with Rome. If He said yes then He would be in trouble with the people, as they did not like being ruled by Rome. Jesus was aware of their hypocrisy and asked them for a penny. The he asked them whose inscription was on it. They replied that it was Caesar's. Jesus then told them to render unto Caesar the things that are Caesars and unto God that which is God's, Matthew 22:18-21.

The same day the Sadducees came to Jesus to question Him. The Sadducees don't believe in the supernatural, angels for example, nor in a resurrection. They questioned Jesus on a problem of one woman who had married seven brothers one at a time, then married the next brother, after each had died, and wanted to know whose wife she would be in the resurrection, Matthew 22:23-28. The Sadducees were trying to discredit Jesus by inferring that He was inconsistent and/or unreasonable. However, Jesus told them that they didn't understand and that they were in error, not knowing the scriptures nor the power of God. In His answer, Jesus addressed both the Sadducees disbelief in angels and in the resurrection. Jesus told them that in the resurrection there would be no marrying or giving in marriage since they will be as angels. They would be as angels in the sense that angels do not procreate, they were each created separately and do not marry nor have offspring. In the resurrection people will not have the normal marriage relationship that they had here on earth and they will have no children.

Then came a scribe and asked Jesus: "Master, which is the great commandment in the law?", Matthew 22:36. The rabbis often disagreed when they tried to answer this question. The scribe was trying to trap Jesus in the disagreements of the traditional oral law. Jesus chose two commandments from the Old Testament and told them, "Love God with your whole heart", Deuteronomy 6:5 and "Love your neighbor as yourself", Leviticus 19:18; Matthew 22:37-39. Clearly, if one keeps these two commandments they will be keeping the whole law. The scribe agreed with Jesus. At this point Jesus had discredited all His critics and no one dared ask Him any more questions, Mark 12:34.

Jesus asked the Pharisees "What think ye of Christ? Whose son is he?". They answered, "The son of David.", Matthew 22:42. Jesus then asked them, How then does David in spirit call Him Lord, saying, "The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make your enemies your footstool? If David then called him Lord, how is He his son? And no man was able to answer Him a word, and neither did any from that day forth ask Him any more questions", Matthew 22:43-46.

At this point, Jesus denounces the scribes and the Pharisees and warns the people, Mark 12:38-40. Jesus told the people to beware of the scribes, that they placed heavy burdens on the people, they did works just to be seen by men, they wore clothes just to appear pious, they loved the prominent places at the feasts, they cheated widows out of their homes, they made a pretense of long prayers, and they went everywhere trying to convert others to their teaching. It was through the teaching of the scribes that people were prevented from knowing how to be saved. Jesus called them blind guides and hypocrites.

The Olivet Discourse

Tuesday of the Final Week
In this discourse Jesus gives some details about Israel and the world conditions, from the rejection of the King to His second coming. Jesus tells of many things about the period of the great tribulation, which will precede the setting up of His kingdom.


The Destruction of Jerusalem:
As Jesus and the disciples were going by the temple, Jesus told them it would be destroyed. Now on the Mount of Olives the disciples had three questions.

(1) When would this destruction of Jerusalem occur?

(2) What will be the sign of His coming?

(3) What will be the sign of the end of the world?

The end of the age is the abomination of desolation that Daniel spoke about, Matthew 24:15; Daniel 9:27; 11:31; 12:11.

Jesus told the disciples that many would try to lead them astray that would try to deceive them, Matthew 24:4-5. He said that there will be wars and rumors of war, famines, earthquakes, and persecution, Matthew 24:6-14. These are some of the things Jesus pointed to and we are seeing these things in today's world. The final dictator who will lead nations astray is the Antichrist, the rider of the white horse in Revelation 6:1-2. He begins as a peacemaker, signing a treaty with Israel, to protect her from her enemies, Daniel 9:27. Then, in the middle of the tribulation, he will sit in the temple declaring himself to be God. Then the next three and one half years there will be horrors like no one has seen since the beginning of time.

Don't be mislead by Matthew 24:13 which says, "But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved." The word "saved", in this verse, isn't referring to salvation from our sins and is also used to indicate saving from physical death, as we can also see in Acts 27:31. Salvation is always by faith, through grace, and not through works. This verse, taken in the context of Matthew 24:4-13, is telling us that many will die because of these perilous times, and those that endure to the end will be saved from physical death.

Jerusalem was destroyed in 70 A.D. but the bible teaches that there will be another destruction of Jerusalem at the end of the age. The abomination of desolation was when Antiochus's soldiers sacrificed a pig on the altar of the temple, and made the altar into a shrine for Zeus--168BC. Matthew 24:15 references this abomination. Revelation 13:14-15 gives a similar description. When this happens everyone should flee for their lives, Matthew 24:16-20. When the Antichrist desecrates the temple, times will become so horrible that if they were to continue, everyone would die, Matthew 24:21-26.

Jesus then gave us the signs of His coming, a darkened sun and moon, falling stars, and shaking planets. He will return at the end of the tribulation, which is a period of seven years. He will then begin His millennial Kingdom, Matthew 24:27-31; Revelation 20:1-6; Mark 13:24-27; Luke 21:25-28.

Parable of the Fig Tree:
In this parable Jesus teaches that the generation that sees these signs will be able know that they are living in the season when these things shall come to pass, even though they will not know the exact time. Jesus will come suddenly and the world will not expect Him. He explained that when the buds on a fig tree appear you know that the summer season is near. Likewise, the generation that sees the above described events will know that the prophecies of Christ are about to be fulfilled. They won't know the exact time but they will know the season, Matthew 24:32-36; Mark 13:28-32; Luke 21:29-33.

Parables of Readiness:
Jesus then gave His disciples some parables of readiness, explaining they are to be ready for His second coming. If the good man of the house had known when the thief would come, he would have watched and not have allowed his house to be broken into, Matthew 24:43-44.

Jesus also gave a parable about the ten virgins. When they went to meet the bridegroom five were prepared and were invited to the wedding, while five were not prepared and were excluded from the wedding, Matthew 25:14-30. Likewise we are admonished to be ready for the coming of Jesus, our bridegroom for we do not know when He will return. We are to watch, wait, and work. No one knows the time of His coming, neither the angels nor the Son, but only the God the Father, Matthew 24:42-51; Mark 13:33-37; Luke 21:34-36.

Parables of Judgment:
Jesus gave another parable of the talents. A talent is simply a large sum of money, and talents were usually silver weighting between 58 and 80 pounds per talent. Talents, were divided to to each of His servants according to their abilities. These talents represent opportunities to use our abilities. The faithful servants were rewarded for being faithful in using what God had given them, while the slothful servant, who was not a good steward of what God had given him, suffered loss, Matthew 25:14-30. We should be faithful to use what God has given us. We will be judged according to our faithfulness.

Jesus told of the parable of the sheep and the goats, which teaches that the world will be judged at the return of Christ as He sets up His kingdom, Matthew 25:31-46. This occurs at the end of the Great Tribulation when Jesus will gather all nations before Him for judgment, Matthew 25:32. The word "nations" means all nations except Israel, the Gentile nations. They will be judged on how they treated His brethren, meaning the Jews, during the tribulation. The sheep are those that had accepted Jesus Christ as Savior and had cared for the Jewish people. The goats are those who had not trusted Jesus, and therefore had not been willing to help the Jewish people. Clearly, Jesus is not through with the nation of Israel. Jesus has made it clear in this discourse that God has not cast His people aside., Romans 11:1ff.

Plot Against Jesus

Tuesday of the Final Week
When Jesus had finished with the parables, He told His disciples that in two days, it would be time for the Feast of the Passover and the Son of man, Jesus, would be betrayed and crucified, Matthew 26:1-2. The disciples already knew that the chief priests, scribes and elders hated Jesus, and were plotting against Him. The story goes on to tell us that was exactly what was happening. The chief priests, scribes and elders gathered at the high priest's, Caiaphas', palace to formulate their plan. However, they decided to put it off until after the Passover was over. They were afraid the people, many who were in Jerusalem just for Passover, would turn against them. Matthew 26:3-5.

Judas Iscariot went to the chief priests and asked what they would give him if he delivered Jesus to them. They agreed to give him thirty pieces of silver. From that day forward Judas began to look for opportunities to betray Jesus, Matthew 26:14-16.

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The Last Supper

The Evening Before the Crucifixion
The upper room had been prepared for the Passover. The Passover commemorated Israels exodus from Egypt. God passed over the first born of Israel and killed the first born of the Egypt. Jesus arose from the meal and washed the disciples feet. It was through this that He taught them, by example, that true greatness does indeed involve true humility. This was to explain His work on the cross and the forgiveness of sin, 1 John 1:9. When Jesus returned to the meal he said that one of them would betray Him. The disciples wondered who it was and Jesus said it was the one who He would give the morsel of food to. He then gave it to Judas. After Jesus had given Judas the morsel of food Satan entered into him, possessed him, and Jesus told him “that thou doest, do quickly.” Jesus knew that Judas would betray Him, John 6:70-71. When Judas had gone out, Jesus told the disciples of some of the events that were to come. He also foretold that Peter would deny Him three times before the cock, or rooster, would crow. (John 13:1-30; Matthew 26:21-25; Mark 14:18-21; Luke 22:14-23)

The sacrificial offerings of the Old Testatment foretold the work of Christ on the Cross and all were about to be fulfilled. All the animal sacrifices point toward the sacrifice of Jesus Himself. God had promised a new covenant back in the Old Testament, Jeremiah 31:31-24; Ezekiel 37:26-28 and Isaiah 61:1-11. This, the Lord's supper, was put in place by Jesus Christ as a memorial observance. As they were eating Jesus took some bread blessed it and broke it into pieces and gave a piece to each of the disciples. Then He said take, eat it, this is my body. The bread reminds believers that He became flesh and lived in the world and that His body was broken for mankind. Then He took the cup and gave thanks, and gave it to the disciples saying, drink all of it for this is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins, Matthew 26:26-28; Mark 14:22-24; Luke 22:17-20. Jesus was getting ready to give His life on the cross and the cup symbolizes His blood shed on Calvary for the sin of mankind, 1 Corinthians 11:26. Jesus said He would not drink of the fruit of the vine again until He drank it anew, with the saints, in the kingdom of God, Matthew 26:29; Mark 14:25; Luke 22:18.

Why did Jesus institute the New Covenant? The word covenant also means testament, or promise. It was given as a memorial of the new covenant to remind believers of His death until He comes, Matthew 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:17-20; 1 Corinthians 11:23-26. Today the church is enjoying the blessings of the new covenant while Israel as a nation will come under the covenant when Jesus comes again, at the second coming, Ezekiel 34:25-31; Romans 11.

It should be noted from Matthew 26:29, where it says the Father's kingdom, and Luke 22:18, where it says the kingdom of God, that the kingdom of the Father and the kingdom of God are one and the same. As we have seen previously, Jesus, offered the kingdom to the Israelites and they rejected it. This was not a spiritual kingdom nor a mystery form of the kingdom but the same kingdom promised in the Old testament that Jesus Christ would set up when He returns the second time.

Upper Room Discourse

The Evening Before the Crucifixion
We find the upper room discourse only in the book of John in chapters 13 through 17. Jesus now tells His disciples that He is going away He will send the Holy Spirit as a replacement. Jesus told them many times that evening that He was going away that He was about to return to His Father, John 13:1; 14:2, 28; 16:5, 7, 16, 28; 17:13. Naturally, the disciples would be stressed not knowing what they would do without Him. He tells them He is going to prepare a place for them, so that where He is they can go. This is the first promise that Jesus would return for the church, the believers. Other details can be found in 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 and 1 Corinthians 15:51-53. Jesus said He is the way, the truth, and the life that no man comes to the Father but by Him. Meanwhile, He promised to send them another Comforter, the Holy Spirit, who would be with them forever, John 14:1-16.

Gethesemane

Late Thursday Night Before the Crucifixion
Jesus and His disciples went to the garden of Gethsemane, which is in the mount of Olives, to pray. Jesus took Peter, James, and John a little further and asked them to stay there and and told them to pray that they would not enter into temptation, Luke 22:40. Jesus then withdrew from them and kneeled down and prayed. When He arose from prayer and went to the disciples, they were asleep. He came back the third time and told them the hour was at hand, that He was about to be betrayed, Luke 22:39-46; Matthew 26:30-46; Mark 14:26-42; John 18:1.

Arrest of Jesus

Friday Several Hours Before Dawn
Judas knew where Jesus usually went to pray. He took a band of men (Six hundred Roman Solders) and officer's from the chief priests and Pharisees, and some of the high priest's servants to find Jesus, John 18:3, 10. Luke tells us there were other's present to, some of the chief priests, captains of the temple, and elders or members of the Sanhedrin were present, Luke 22:52. Judas led this group to Jesus and he had made a pre-arranged signal that the one he kissed is the one they should arrest. When they came upon Jesus Judas gave Him a kiss. Jesus asked whom they were seeking. They said Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus replied that He was Jesus of Nazareth. When Jesus said this they fell backward to the ground. Then when they came forward Peter drew his sword and cut off the ear of the high priest's servant. Jesus then healed the ear of the servant which was the last miracle He performed before going to the cross. Jesus let His disciples know that He had came into the world to die for the sins of all mankind. They took Jesus bound Him and took Him to the high priest, Matthew 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-52; Luke 22:47-53; John 18:2-12.

The Trials of Jesus

Friday before dawn
Jesus was now subjected to six trails, the first three trials were religious trails, while the last three were civil trails.

They first took Jesus to Annas with no formal indictment. Annas was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who had given counsel to the Jews that it was expedient that one man should die for the people, John 18:12-14. They asked Jesus about His disciples and His doctrine. Jesus told them He had spoken openly to the world and that He had never said anything in secret. Jesus asked them why they ask Him to ask those that. One of the officers then struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, John 18:12-14, 19-23.

For the second trail they took Jesus to the house of Caiaphas, the high priest, and there were several chief priests, elders, and scribes gathered there. False witnesses were brought in to accuse Him of things worthy of death, but they failed to agree. Jesus was asked if He was the Christ, the Son of God. Jesus said yes. The high priest called this blasphemy, and they all condemned Him to death, Mark 14:53-64.

Friday Before and About Dawn
The elders of the people, the chief priests and the scribes came together and led Jesus into their council. The high priest convened the Sanhedrin and again asked Jesus if He was Christ. He said if I tell you, He told them, they wouldn't believe Him. They then asked Him if he was the Son of God. Jesus said, "You say that I am". The Sanhedrin then found Him guilty of blasphemy because He said that He was the Christ, the Son of God, Luke 22:66-71; Mark 14:53-65; Matthew 27:1; John 18:24.

They arose and led Jesus to Pilate for His fourth trail. They accused Him of perverting the nation, forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that He Himself is Christ, a King. Pilate asked Him if He was the King of the Jews. Jesus said He was the King of the Jews, but His kingdom is not of this world. Pilate found no fault in Him, judged Him not guilty. The multitude were then upset and Pilate found that Jesus was a Gallilaean. Herod had jurisdiction over Galilee, so he sent Jesus to Herod, Luke 23:1-5; John 18:28-38; Mark 15:1-5; Matthew 27:2, 11-14.

This is the fifth trail, and before Herod the Jews accuse Jesus of many things, and questioned Him in many words, but Jesus remained silent. The soldiers mocked Jesus when He would not answer Herod, and then arrayed Him in a purple robe and sent Him back to Pilate, Luke 23:6-12.

In this, the sixth trail, Jesus is taken back to Pilate. Pilate's wife had warned him to have nothing to do with “that righteous man”. When Pilate had gathered the chief priests, the rulers, and the people, he told them that he had examined Jesus and found no fault in Him. He continued, saying neither had Herod found anything in Him warranting death. Pilate said he would chastise Jesus and release Him, but then the people cried out for Pilate to crucify Him. Pilate wanted to know for what cause He should be crucified. The Jews also told Pilate that they had a law that He should die because He made Himself the Son of God. Pilate then became frightened and wanted to release Jesus. The Jews told him if he let Jesus go he was not Caesar's friend for whosoever makes himself a king speaks against Caesar. Pilate reminded them of the custom of releasing a prisoner to them at the passover but rather than Jesus they asked for Barabbas, a robber, to be released. Then Pilate released Jesus to them to be crucified and they took Jesus, and led Him away.

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Jesus is Crucified

Jesus was crucified on the cross and died at 3 p.m.. Joseph of Arimathea, went to Pilate and received permission to take the body of Jesus for burial. Jesus was taken down from the cross and wrapped in linen and placed in the tomb, a tomb that belonged to Joseph. Nicodemus went with Joseph and had brought some spices to place around the body of Jesus, and when they were done they rolled a stone over the door. The Jewish leaders talked Pilate into placing guards at the tomb, so that no one would be able to steal the body of Jesus. They were aware of His statement about His resurrection, and they wanted to prevent someone stealing the body and just saying that He had risen. The Sabbath started in the evening so no further work was allowed to be done in relation to the burial of Jesus. It was also the first day of the feast of Passover, the feast of the unleavened bread. (Matthew 27:57-66; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:31-42)

Sunday
At dawn on Sunday, the first day of the week, an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and rolled the stone back from the door and sat on it. Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the tomb, Matthew 28:1-4. When they arrived, they found the tomb had been opened and the body of Jesus was gone. Two angels appeared to them and told them, “He is not here: for He is risen as He said.” , Matthew 28:6-7.

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Post Resurrection Appearances

Jesus showed Himself alive after His burial by many infallible proofs, being seen by them forty days, Acts 1:3. His appearances were not illusions or hoaxes. He was seen at different times of the day, engaged in different activities, seen by witnesses who were acquainted with Him, seen at different locations inside buildings and outside, and seen by over five hundred witnesses.

  • Jesus then appears to Mary Magdalene and the other Mary as they went to tell the disciples, Matthew 28:9-10.
  • Then He appeared to the eleven disciples and they worshiped Him, Matthew 28:16-20.
  • Jesus appeared to Peter in Jerusalem, Luke 24:33-34.
  • Jesus was seen by His disciples and 500 believers on Mt. Tabor, 1 Corinthians 15:5-6; Matthew 28:16-20.
  • Jesus appeared to ten of His apostles in the upper room, Luke 24:36-43; John 20:19-23.
  • Jesus appeared to eleven of His disciples again, entering the upper room while the doors were shut and stood in their midst, John 20:24-29.
  • Jesus appears to seven of His disciples by the Galilean Sea, John 21:1-24.
  • He appears again to eleven of His disciples and James in Jerusalem, Mark 16:14-18; Luke 24:44-49; 1 Corinthians 14:7.
  • Jesus appeared to eleven of His disciples on the Mount of Olives, Luke 24:50-53; Acts 1:3.

Sometime during His appearances He gave His disciples a commission to go to all the nations and preach the Gospel to every creature, Mark 15:15; Matthew 28:19-20. The kingdom of God had been offered and that generation of Jews had rejected it. This does not mean that God is not going to keep His promise of the kingdom. The disciples had asked Him when He would restore the kingdom in Israel. Jesus said it was not for them to know but it will be when He returns the second time.

After His appearances, He spoke to His disciples on the Mount of Olives. He taught them and blessed them and was received up into heaven, to sit on the right hand of God.


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